phrasal verb

(redirected from Verb particle)
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an English verb followed by one or more particles where the combination behaves as a syntactic and semantic unit

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A telicity value can be supplied by nominal and non-nominal VP arguments and, in cases when these fail to provide it, by verb particles (naturally, verb particles can act as telicity markers on their own).
Unexpected verb particles. A second element that can occur unexpectedly is the verb particle.
(V) An example of a cluster with an unexpected verb particle
Treating the unexpected past participle and verb particle on a par within the same affix position would seem to predict that the two cannot appear within the same verbal cluster.
This treatment correctly accounts for the fact that an unexpected past participle can never occur BEFORE an unexpected verb particle: (40) a.
It is possible either to add an unexpected verb particle before proberen, or to add an adverbial between proberen and te bellen.
This is in accordance with the distributional facts in Standard Dutch, which allows only verb particles and some predicate complements to enter the verbal end group.
The infinitival marker te can be argued to belong to the verb form, since it is the only "word" that may appear between verb stems and verb particles: (11) we proberen door te lopen we try through to walk `we try to walk on' (12) *we kunnen door niet lopen we can through not walk `we cannot walk on'
Possible verb particles were recognized, but outside the verbal cluster.
This holds for past participles and verb particles. In general, these can appear anywhere in the verbal cluster: (11) (26) a.
In the Amazon grammar, the unexpected verb particles are treated on a par with the unexpected past participle, namely in the affix position for unexpected expectation.
He catalogues the argument-structural effects of German verb particles, concluding that adding particles leads to the loss of the verb's linking information, and that internal arguments of particle verbs are arguments of (and licensed inside the projection of) the particle.
In fact, Korean children seem to learn verbs at about the same time that English-speaking children learn verb particles. This cross-linguistic evidence is consistent with the idea that children selectively attend to extrinsic motion when learning relational terms.
Given that extrinsic motion is explicitly marked both in Spanish (by verbs) and in English (by verb particles and prepositions), the two groups are not predicted to differ in their learning of a category discrimination in terms of extrinsic motion.
More particularly, we will consider adverbs (as illustrated in example [3] below), verb particles (as in [4]), and prepositional phrases (as in [5]).