valence electron

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Related to Valence electrons: Electron configuration, Core electrons
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  • noun

Words related to valence electron

an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules

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The element-specificity of RIXS will also allow us to determine the microscopic exchange interactions in complex materials with both 3d and 4d valence electrons, and its high sensitivity will enable experiments on operational device structures comprising only a few monolayers.
From this description the formal number of valence electrons can be derived to be used in further calculations of each of the ions.
They have the same number of valence electrons, the same atomic structure and have nearly identical atomic size.
Elemental halogens have seven valence electrons and are very reactive.
The metal's atoms (smallest units of an element) bind with carbon's four valence electrons (electrons in an atom's outer shell) to make a fuel ingredient.
Polarization of the core electrons by valence electrons affects the potential in which the valence electrons move.
They are usually weakly bound or outer-shell valence electrons, and they are generally not atomic number-dependant like backscattered electrons.
Although the valence electrons participate most in forming chemical bonds in molecules and compounds, the energy levels in core electrons are shifted slightly by chemical bonding.
Electron shells are shown as circles around the chemical symbol for the element, with dots in the circle representing the valence electrons and circles representing the inner electron shells.
Consequently, when an atom combines with other atoms, it tends to lose or gain valence electrons to acquire a stable configuration.
2] molecule characterizes a 4-body system due to the independence of the orbitals of the two valence electrons as requested by quantum chemistry, under which conditions no exact solution is possible.
The soft x-ray emissions result from radiative transitions involving valence electrons.
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