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It was subsequently discovered that the mother's VDRL test had been positive at the time of delivery, with a titer of 1:256, and she had been treated with antibiotics at that time.
Serum and urine protein electrophoresis tests produced normal results, as did liver-, renal-, and thyroid-function tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, antinuclear antibodies, human immunodeficiency virus antibodies, hepatitis B and C surface antigens, and VDRL test.
If VDRL test was positive, it was confirmed by Treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA) test.
Analysis of 100 samples with positive serology for syphilis in accordance with the reactivity in the VDRL test.
A VDRL test was nonreactive, and purified protein derivative was also negative.
Confirmed: syphilis of any stage, a reactive serologic test for syphilis, and a reactive Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test in CSE Probable: syphilis of any stage, a nonreactive VDRL test in CSF, and both of the following: 1) elevated CSF protein (>40 mg/dL) or leukocyte count (> 5 cells/[mm.
Moreover, the VDRL test may be relatively insensitive in primary and late syphilis.
Pregnant women having chronic hypertension or essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, renal disease, severe anemia, connective tissue disorder, positive lupus anticoagulant anticardiolipin antibodies, RH incompatibility, twin pregnancy or positive VDRL test were excluded.
As per antenatal protocol TORCH, HIV, HBsAg, VDRL test were done.