The Shikarpuri merchant network emerged during the period of the Durrani Afghan Empire and was the essential financier for the Central Asian Uzbeg
khanates between 1800 and 1870, when they reworked an existing network of caravan commerce and credit transactions.
Ross was also obsessed with the declining US birthrate (reading anti-immigrationists throughout American history, our native birth rates seem to have somehow always been in decline), and he predicted that "in a generation, complaint will be heard that the Slavs, too, are shirking big families, and that we must admit Persians, Uzbegs
, and Bokhariots in order to offset the fatal sterility that attacks every race after it has become Americanized."
They fought the Persians to the west, the Uzbegs
and Turkis to the north, the Sinkiang tribesmen to the east, and the Baluchis to the south, doggedly holding their mountains, valleys, and plains against all comers.