Pericarp and seed coat structure in the Cecropiaceae (Urticales
They are associated with relatively rare pollen and spores of vascular plants, where indicative for mangrove vegetation - Rhizophora, Avicennia, Cecropia, Urticales
, Alchornea, Piperaceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae and rare spores of some ferns were encountered.
Ficus is a large genus of the family moraceae in the order Urticales
Fabaceae (Rosid 1B) are common hosts in Riodinidae and Lycaenidae, and perhaps Urticales
(Rosid 1B) together with Passifloraceae and related families (Rosid 1A) could be said to be predominant hosts in Nymphalidae, although this is a very large generalization.
(Holes made elsewhere on the stem rupture phloem tubes and lead to the rapid filling of internodes with mucilaginous sap, a general feature of the Urticales
.) Also, at a species-specific stage before, during, or after stem swelling, the base of each subsequent leaf petiole develops a trichilium, a pad of dense trichomes on which 1-2 mm long, glycogen-rich food rewards known as Mullerian bodies are produced (Rickson 1971).
Solereder (1908) noted the presence of silica and carbonates in the wood and leaves of many genera within the Urticales
Mulberry trees, which belong to the Urticales
order, Moraceae family and Morus genus, have been used traditionally as a major feed for silkworms in Vietnam and over the world (Tingzing et al., 1988) for centuries.
: Moraceae), Psidium kennedyanum Morong (Myrtales: Myrtaceae), and Mouriri elliptica Martius (Myrtales: Melastomataceae), 14.00%, 11.11%, 6.01% and 4.38%, respectively (Table 3).
Araliaceae (Lindley, 1846) or Urticales
(Jussieu, 1789; Bartling, 1830;
c-n 7,254 5,302.7 Solanum sisymbriifolium c-n 616 693.7 Lamarck Urticales
Moraceae Ficus insipida Willdenow s-n 3,111 13,400 (1) Sorocea sprucei s/p-n 497 1,787.6 saxicola (Baillon) Macbride Violales Passifloraceae Passiflora coccinea c/p-n 173 4,096.3 Aublet Passiflora edulis Sims c-n 102 10,149 "Pindaiva vermelha" p-n 1,752 4,580 Totals 53,538 669,441 Abundance by fruit flies species Frequency by fruit flies species No of plant genera infested No of plant family infested No of hosts colonized 9 30 1 SAMPLES Emerged Associated PLANT TAXA Larvae (L3) Adults Parasitoids Arecales Arecaceae Syagrus flexuosa 0 0 0 (Martius) Beccari Allogoptera leucocalyx 0 0 0 (Drude) Kuntze Celastrales Hippocrateaceae Cheiloclinium cognatum 131 31 -- (Miers) AC.
Moraceae, of the order Unisexuales or Urticales
. The following species
His anatomical studies of Barbeya successfully attributed its phylogenetic affinity with the Urticales