Other changes such as bone loss, coronary artery disease, and urogenital atrophy
may not become evident for years.
due to low estrogen levels results in thinning of the epithelial lining, loss of elasticity, contraction of the introitus, and dryness due to decreased vascularity and transudate (Freedman, 2008).
Bill Growdon of Santa Monica, Calif., notes that the Estring estrogen ring can be difficult and painful to remove from a patient with urogenital atrophy
and a stenotic introitus.
For patients plagued by urogenital atrophy
or vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flashes, night sweats, and insomnia, female hormones are among the most effective treatments.
With a single Suggested: Application 2C urogenital atrophy
of either nonhormonal symptom of vaginal agents (moisturizers, dryness, dyspareunia, lubricants) or vaginal itching or burning, estrogen dysuria, or urinary urgency 2.
Atrophic urethritis or vaginitis (also called urogenital atrophy
) is very common in older women with stress or urge incontinence or both.
Complaints of vaginal dryness and dyspareunia from urogenital atrophy
often were inadequately addressed because local estrogen was incorrectly thought to increase the risk of hormone-induced breast cancer.
"Taken together, these data suggest an approach to treatment of urogenital atrophy
in survivors of breast cancer which can relieve symptoms without causing a substantial increase in systemic exposure to estrogen," Dr.
(13.) Archer DE Efficacy and tolerability of local estrogen therapy for urogenital atrophy