The type (R1) in which upper, middle and lower lobe veins open into the left atrium with a single ostium by forming a truncus
was seen in 1.4% of the patients, and it was not reported in the previous study (26).
Yasuda, "Giant pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricular outflow tract after repair of truncus
arteriosus: Evaluation by MR imaging and surgical approach" European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, vol.
Other anomalies include truncus
arteriosus, coarctation of the aorta, aortic stenosis, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, and aneurysms of the cerebral circulation [1, 3, 4, 8, 10].
According to EMA guideline (European Medicines Agency (HMPC) 2010), the extract is "other herbal preparation" declared as: refined liquid extract from Abies alba Mill., truncus
(DER = 100 : 1).
Malignant processes may give rise to shoulder pain due to infiltration of the lower truncus
of the brachial plexus (4).
The most cephalic part of cardiac tube persisted as truncus
arteriosus, which connected the ventricle with the ventral aortic root in foetal heart of 1.2 cm CVRL.
These include Tetrology of Fallot (TOF) with Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome (APVS), Truncus
Arteriosus (TA), Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect (PA-VSD), Transposition of Great Arteries, Ventricular Septal Defect with Pulmonary Stenosis, (d-TGA-VSD-PS) and Aortic Stenosis (AS).
Caitlin was diagnosed with truncus
arteriosus, a rare heart defect where there is only one large blood vessel leading out of the heart instead of two.
Pulse oximetry is very effective in early identification of CCHD in which hypoxemia is characteristic in most or all cases, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), pulmonary atresia with an intact septum, tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), tricuspid atresia, and truncus
ateriosus (Mahle et al., 2009).
Aortopulmonary window is caused by the failure to fuse of the two opposing conotruncal ridges that are responsible for separating the truncus
arteriosus into the aorta and pulmonary artery.
Li and colleagues found higher FA and AD in the truncus
and genu of the corpus callosum and in the right superior frontal gyrus among individuals with OCD, but did not find any differences in the RD; furthermore, the FA value in the left middle temporal lobe was positively correlated with the severity of OCD symptoms.
Congenital heart defects that have been associated with UAPA are the followings; tetralogy of Fallot, ventricular septal defect (VSD), right aortic arch, truncus
arteriosus, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), CoA, subvalvular aortic stenosis, transposition of the great arteries and scimitar syndrome (2, 3, 5).
The seven CCHDs that are primary targets for screening are hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia (with intact septum), transposition of the great arteries, truncus
arteriosus, tricuspid atresia, tetralogy of Fallot, and total anomalous pulmonary venous return (4).
Los patrones especificos de malformaciones cardiovasculares observados en pacientes con delecion 22q11, incluyen: Tetralogia de Fallot, Tetralogia de Fallot con atresia pulmonar, truncus
arteriosus, arco aortico interrumpido, defectos del septum infundibular y malformaciones de las valvulas semilunares, pero practicamente todos los defectos cardiacos congenitos han sido asociados, en mayor o menor proporcion, a deleciones en 22q11.2 (30, 17).