Lewent, 'Zu den Liedern des Trobadors
Guiraut de Calanso', en: Zeitschrift fur franzosische Sprache und Literatur 57 (1933), 407-446.
Indeed, while the author begins his study with the twelfth- and thirteenth-century troubadours and trouveres, subsequent chapters move on to the Renaissance reception of their songs, the rediscovery and concomitant transformation of the repertoires during the Enlightenment, their subsumption into the new disciplines of philology, textual criticism, and musicology during the nineteenth century, the controversies over rhythm and the attempts to historicize the troubadours and the trouveres during the twentieth century, and the adoption of the idea of the troubadour as manifest in the music of such modern performing artists as Fabulous Trobadors
and Massilia Sound System.
From beautiful acoustic textures to Afro-pop grooves with dancehall electricity, the multigenerational mix of artists allowed for potent collaborations such as Chico Cesar (Brazil) and Les Fabulous Trobadors
(Franca), and Sally Nyolo (Cameron) plus Shingo2 (Japan).
Another layer in either poet's use of the topos of exile is provided by the amor de lonh of the trobadors
, the exile from the beloved.
Snodgrass translations as a pretext, Carruth makes a plaidoyer for the substitution of the word Occitan for Provencal, especially when referring to the language of the trobadors