Toltec


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Related to Toltec: Olmec
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a member of the Nahuatl speaking people of central and southern Mexico

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Beginning with the Olmecs, a series of increasingly complex empires rose and fell with spectacular violence, from Teotihuacan and the Toltecs to the Aztec juggernaut.
FYI FOR YOUR INFORMATION MEXICO CAPITAL: Mexico City AREA (SQUARE MILES): 761,600 TIME ZONES: GMT: 26 to 28 DRIVE ON: Right POPULATION: 101,900,000 RELIGION: Roman Catholic LANGUAGE: Spanish CURRENCY: 1 peso 5 100 centavos ELECTRICITY: 110 volts, 60 cycles AC CAPSULE HISTORY: Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs rule, pre-1519; Cortes conquers, 1519-1521; Mexicans overthrow Spaniards, 1821; war with U.S., 1846-1848; French invade and rule, 1861-1867; Juarez is president, 1855 and 1867; Civil War, 1920; major oil deposits discovered, 1975; political unrest, 1996; PAN party voted in, after 70 years of PRI party ruling Mexico, 2000.
Impoverished and without allies, the Mexica were subjected to attacks by local Toltec warlords who forced them to retreat to an island where they witnessed a miraculous vision of prophecy: an eagle standing on a cactus growing from solid rock.
(9) Finally, only in recent years has the work of certain archaeologists established with scarce room for debate that, as it was among their Toltec and later Aztec cousins far to the south, cannibalism was not unknown among some of the Anazasi nations of the American Southwest, and most strikingly at Chaco Canyon, in the period around 1200 A.D.
Cacao was so important among later Mesoamerican cultures--the Maya, the Toltec, the Aztec--that its beans were used as a currency throughout the region.
Concepts of death and afterlife existed in the Olmec, Toltec, Maya, and Aztec cultures.
A product of a mix of Chichimeca and Toltec cultures
Working out what it means to maintain "dialogue with himself, dialogue with his heart"--a line she had translated from the Toltec poem "The Artist" (Collected Earlier Poems 84)--Levertov draws on the formulation she attributes to the German sculptor and playwright Ernst Barlach: "Every art needs two one who makes it, and one who needs it" (Poet in the World 45-46).
Just a few hours' drive away lies the old Mayan Toltec city of Chichen Itza - one of Mexico's great archaeological gems.
As the seventh ruler (tlacatecuhtli) of Texcoco, a large city on the north shore of Lake Texcoco, ten miles across the water from the capital of the Aztecs, Hungry Coyote promoted a renewal of Toltec learning based on the peaceful religion of Quetzalcoatl at the very moment when the Aztec cult of sacrifice was coming into ascendancy.
Existing Aztec, Mayan, and Toltec ceramic statuary and other artworks from the first century A.D.
Lovett includes no less than 400 subsequent play, musical, opera and ballet interpretations, including the 1969 "Afro-American adaptation" But Never Jam Today, which showcased a civil rights message, gospel music and a Calypso Cheshire Cat; Tim and Tom DeFrange's anti-nuclear Alice in Blunderland, which cropped up in 29 states in the mid '80s; Tanya Mars's 1987 Pure Nonsense, in which a character doubles as Sigmund Freud and the White Rabbit; and a Native-American variation, Toltec in Decoland & Through the Smoking Glass (1987).
The upper valley's biggest draw is the narrow-gauge Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad.