and Cladosporium sp.; 60%, with Drechslera sp., Helicosporium sp., Nigrospora sp., and Rhizopus sp.; and 50%, with Claviceps sp., Aspergillus sp., and Tilletia
tritici, Seed-borne pathogens, Fungicides, Plant extract, Seed Germination, Antimicrobial Activities
Indeed, in studies at laboratories in Aberdeen, Idaho; Wapato, Washington; and Parlier, California, ARS scientists have reported success in pitting Muscodor against some top agricultural foes: Tilletia
fungi that cause bunt diseases of wheat; potato tuber moths and apple codling moths; and the gray mold fungus Botrytis cinerea, which attacks grapes.
Other examples include the nineteenth century introduction of the boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis), drastically affecting cotton production; or "multi-billion dollar threats posed by the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and citrus canker (Xanthomonas campestris) to the fruit and vegetable production in several southern states; and the nearly completed campaign against wheat Karnal bunt (Tilletia
indica)" (Sequeira, 1999, p.
of Agriculture (USDA) certificate stating that the rice is free of Tilletia
Oropos is also resistant to Septoria tritici Rob., Tilletia
tritici Bjerk, and Erysiphe graminis DC.
The delimitation of the genus Neovossia from the genus Tilletia
is difficult, because the sets of character states of the different species show a morphologic continuum.
Wheat that becomes unacceptable for human consumption, emitting fishy smell of trimethylamine due to karnal bunt of wheat (Tilletia
indica), affects the international wheat trade extensively, owing to quarantine restrictions on germplasm movement across the borders.
O agente causal da carie-do-arroz foi inicialmente nomeado como Tilletia
horrida por TAKAHASHI (1896).
& Ika.) and dwarf bunt (caused by Tilletia
For instance, ARS scientists brought clarity to the confusion about the Karnal bunt fungus, Tilletia
indica, in the United States in 1996.
contraversa, the cause of dwarf bunt of wheat, being both seed- and soil-borne, may be established in new areas through use of contaminated seeds (Neergaard, 1986).
The cloudy liquid is actually the spores of a fungus called Tilletia
controversa Kuhn (TCK).
It is susceptible to dwarf bunt (caused by Tilletia
controversa Kuhn) as rated by B.
This is especially true with microscopic organisms such as Tilletia
indica, a fungus that causes the disease called Karnal bunt in wheat.