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  • noun

Words related to Sufism

Islamic mysticism

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There are different ideas and thoughts of religious scholars about Tasawuf. The following are some ideas, thoughts and definitions of tasawuf.
The various beliefs regarding the fact of tasawuf Sheikh Ul Islam abi yahya Zakariyya al Ansari R A present his thought about tasawuf is as:
Shaikh abu al Hassan al Noori express his views about tasawuf is as:
The great English scholar of Tasawuf Nicholson has included seventy eight such statements in his translation of the famous Muslim Sufi biographer Abu Nuayam Isfahani's work 'Hayat-al-Auliya'.
Sheikh Junaid Baghdadi R A explains tasawuf is as follows "being dead to oneness and alive in Allah" that is in Sufis terminology fanna fi Allah and Baqa bi Allah.
Famous Sufi scholar hazrat Sheikh ul-Islam Zakariyya Ansari's R A defines tasawuf as "tasawuf teaches one to purify one's inner side of the life, improve one's moral character, and build up one's inner and outer life in order to attain perpetual pleasure of Allah, resulting in a state of perpetual bless.
In the light of this definition we can make something pure from inner and outer side for clearing and purification is the name of tasawuf. (6) Shaikh Abdul Fateh Basti (R.A) expresses the views about tasawuf in his own opinion in very good way he says that the tasawuf is word which indicate the meaning of purity, which person feels comfortable from inner and outer side is called tasawuf.
The real meaning of tasawuf according to the famous book of language "Al Munjad" is to "purify the soul".
He said that Tasawuf possessed absolute relevance with today's societies despite changing its modes yet retaining its staunch power to serve as an antidote to all channels of extremism.
Tracing the history of Tasawuf, he quoted the philosophies of Mansoor Bin Hilaj, Shablay, Rabia Basri, Hassan Basri, Junaid Baghdadi, Ibn e Arabi, Maruf al Farqi, Ba'yazeed Shatami, Imam Ghazali, Baba Fareed Shakar Ganj, Moeenuddin Chishti, Khowaja Nizamuddin Auliah, Ali Bin Usman Hajveri popularly known as Data Ganj Bakhsh, Qalander Lal Shahbaz, Khowaja Ghulam Fareed, Warish Shah, Bulhay Shah, Sachal Sarmast, Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and other Sufis of the world.
Jami Chandio said there was a great deal of similarity in Tasawuf and religion but both could not be termed as the same adding that Tasawuf and secularism were totally two different things.
'Tasawuf means staying away from the world while secularism means stay connected with the world; therefore it was wrong to say that Sindh had remained secular and simultaneously the soil of Sufis', he said.
Jami Chandio also talked about the positive as well as negative aspects of Tasawuf and described that the today's human also needed spiritualism but not consisting of ostrich-belief.
The issue regarding the transmitting of hadith that only referred to fiqh and tasawuf literatures without stating its sanad had also gained the concern from the religious scholars.
Therefore, the religious scholars clearly do not accept any hadith that have been taken from fiqh, tafsir and tasawuf literatures if the hadith are not stated with their sanad even though it is from a great scholar (Al-Qasimi, 1978: 182).