Contrary to what occurs in most synovial joints
, which are covered by hyaline cartilage, creating an advantage in terms of repair, sensitivity to aging and support for the forces of movement (Wurgaft & Montenegro; Okeson).
In the meantime, a key preliminary finding is that the events we observed after replacing regular fluid with denucleated fluid (in Models C, D and E) are completely consistent with the same cavity formation and refractory period phenomena that is associated with the cracking of real synovial joints
, such as the hips, knees and joints of the hand, have a more complex structure and function, allowing circular and/or angular movement through greater degrees than other body joints.
Keywords: Primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, Clubbing, Synovial joints
Studies conducted in recent years confirm the presence of bacteria or their particles in synovial fluid and/or synovial joints
affected by inflammation, bringing into question the view that reactive arthritis is sterile [4, 6, 14, 25, 29-31].
Crystal arthropathies gout and pseudo gout are the clinical manifestations of the inflammatory response due to crystal deposits in the synovial joints
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by persistent inflammation of synovial joints
with pain, often leading to joint destruction and disability.
When it does occur, it usually develops in the large synovial joints
It is well known that human synovial joints
function with an extremely low friction coefficient.
Progressive destruction of synovial joints
with loss of cartilage
Of note is the illustrations--utterly relevant and understandable--schematics and photographic images across a broad range of body types and styles (particularly helpful are images of the types of synovial joints
, basic anatomical axes, joint movements in different planes, and customary and reverse muscle actions of the iliopsoas).
HA is located in the extracellular space of human and animal tissues, such as the vitreous material of the eye, the umbilical cord, skin, synovial joints
and the combs of chickens and roosters, where it provides a cushioning and lubricating function.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most widespread acquired connective tissue disorder that affects the synovial joints
As details of intra-articular inclusions of synovial joints
are often lacking in continuing education seminars or in undergraduate anatomy courses it seems opportune to review the anatomy of the infrapatellar fat pad.