The common example of this kind of synechdoche
in Persian poems is "earth" but it refers to "human-being".
The golden fleece as synechdoche
for Portia reveals that it is more the part (the gold) than the person that excites Bassanio.
She makes the fascinating argument that POWs became a "synechdoche
" for broader cultural anxieties; not only about the apparent decline in American military power, but diminishing male authority within the family, excessive paternal disconnection from wives and children, and the rise of feminist sentiments among "ordinary" American women.
Although Ullen acknowledges that allegorical interpretation is indispensable, he concludes that it is metaphorically true, yet metonymically false and the only means to fulfil its attempt at totalisation is through the means of synechdoche
is an interesting adaptation of what Harry Berger terms a 'physiognomic' interpretation, or 'reading the face as the index of the mind'.
Fan, as bones of the hand, is a synechdoche
for a writer's hand.
Metaphor is only one of the many "figures" of classical rhetoric: metonymy, synechdoche
, apostrophe, zeugma, not to forget our old friend simile--the whole Greek gang that first mugged us in English 101.
(8) "A hand," "the hand," "a knee," "fingers," "lips," "feet," "a wrist," "elbow," "nose" and "thumb" all fall victim to radical synechdoche
. Even hair is, at one stage, said to be "dismantled," exactly like the "apartment house existences" on page 54.
But even that should not make us question the mutual independence and compatibility of naturalism and allegory or realism and romance, for Gawain's humiliation becomes a synechdoche
for the value of Arthur's court, itself expressed by Arthur's order that all knights wear the girdle as a token of their debt to Gawain.
Among its collection of tropes are metonymy ("a bottle"), metaphor ("the fine fierce instants of heart and brain"), paraphrasis ("that brown liquor"), and personification] synechdoche
("some condensation of that wild immortal spirit").
Fraunce's use of Garcilaso was limited to those cases where he did not mention Boscan, cases where he had to describe the following figures: metonymia, synechdoche
, ironia, anaphora, paronomasia, poliptoton, exclamation, epiphonema, and addubitation.
"Retinality" as a critical term has been used in our day primarily in the field of art history to describe the controversial idea of "painting what you see," but Villiers' Claire Lenoir allows us to see retinality as a compelling literary device, a synechdoche
for human consciousness at the fin-de-siecle as it engages with the real and the unreal.
Welles complements this synechdoche
with an apriori reference so substantive that it provides a visual segue into the next scene, a shift from a hypothetical to a literal image--"I would have him poisoned with a pot of ale"--a threat answered immediately with a jarring closeup of Hal (Keith Baxter) draining a tankard and crudely wiping his mouth with his hand (41).
In church interiors the cross replaced the human likeness of Jesus Christ, a sign that is a synechdoche
for Christ crucified.
White's study integrates literary and philosophical theoretical tools into a project of historiography, which he calls the "poetics of history." He considers historical narratives in terms of their generic qualities (comedy, tragedy, romance), their use of literary trope (synechdoche
, metaphor, metonym, and irony), and their use of logical argument (formist, organicist, mechanistic, contextualist).