He again talks about the billions of dollars spent studying subliminal perception
in psychology since the 1950s (172).
Experimental support for hypothesis 1 is in keeping with the suggestion that Ss are able to use subliminal perception
to acquire information about targets in experiments of this type.
Whether or not subliminal perception
actually exists is still being disputed among researchers, although many experiments are still being performed in the area.
and Subception." Journal of Psychology 41, 2 (1956): 437-58.
(2) Other studies of subliminal perception
, according to a recent Swedish dissertation on the subject, have used exposure times of up to 100 ms using this technique (Birgegard, 2004).
A process-dissociation framework for investigating unconscious influences: Freudian slips, projective tests, subliminal perception
, and signal detection theory.
and parapsychology: Points of contact.
However, some studies concerned with auditory sensory subliminal perception
suggest unconscious registration" (p.
Pratkanis notes that, while there is evidence for subliminal perception
, there is no evidence that subliminal messages can influence people's behavior.
The studies were conducted as part of a broader PhD project examining the relationship between subliminal perception
and ESP (Watt, 1993a).
For example, there is no article on subliminal perception
. We do not find an entry under subliminal perception
even in the index.
At this stage, subjects were told only that the experiment involved ESP and subliminal perception
. Those who inquired further were told that the idea was to see if subliminal messages could influence scoring on an ESP task in which responses were based on eye fixations.
Puri and I conducted an experiment to explore the relationship between extrasensory perception and subliminal perception
(SP) and the effect of transcendental meditation on ESP and SP (K.