By examining Original Sin in light of Edwards' relationships with his English and Indian congregations and his sermons to the Stockbridge Indians, we may uncover a previously hidden, and vitally important, element of Edwards' treatise.
26) The opportunity to minister to the Stockbridge Indians where "the gospel has been little understood, or attended to," promised greater satisfactions; at the least, the Indian congregation would present a different sort of challenge.
Edwards often conveyed his deep shame and disappointment over paltry mission efforts in his sermons to the Stockbridge Indians.
JONATHAN EDWARDS, PASTOR TO THE STOCKBRIDGE INDIANS
Of the roughly 1,200 sermons in the Edwards collection, 187 of these were original compositions for the Stockbridge Indians.
Indeed, to the Stockbridge Indians, Edwards preached a doctrinally consistent Calvinism, but it was a Calvinism transformed by both the style of presentation and by the applications drawn for his Indian congregation.
When Edwards began his pastorate to the Stockbridge Indians, he began at the beginning, with a sermon on Genesis 1:27 in which he expounded on human nature before and after the fall.
During the 1730s, numbers of Mohicans began to gravitate to the Protestant mission at Stockbridge, Massachusetts under the Chiefs Konkapot and Quanakaunt (later the Quinney family) and became known as the Stockbridge Indians
, a name with which they have ever since been associated.