It is a speech-act
condition of this kind of assertive that the speaker must believe this conditional to be true.
38) For example, the way one performs and engages in the eucharist or the Lord's Supper is a speech-act
expressing the communal belief about the liturgical act itself, as well as an aspect of the community's understanding of Christ.
In How To Do Things With Words, Austin includes the speech-act
of "the promise" under his third category of "the commissive," a category that involves a commitment by speakers to certain courses of action (157).
Searle hopes to illuminate the notion of Intentional content by appeal to speech-act
perspective, when Jesus speaks to spirits, he is performing an illocutionary act--a directive--where the spirit recognizes Jesus' superior authority over them.
Iser, indeed, is of the opinion that literary speech lacks illocutionary force, and thus concludes that literature is devoid of performativity because, even if the conventions of the illocutionary acts are in place, there is no one to recognize them as promises, commands: that is, as genuine speech-acts
2) In the case of Don Quijote, there are three 'levels' of illocution that are potential objects of a speech-act
analysis; these levels are, however, by no means easily separable: what complicates and confuses their relation is precisely what makes Cervantes' novel into the elaborate and complex epistemological game that it is.
Whereas epistemic and metalinguistic conditionals may occasionally engage in prediction and hence may display distanced verb forms, speech act conditionals hardly ever easily allow distanced verb forms, as there are no alternative scenarios in the speech-act
world (but see Note 6, p.
In her introduction to Othello: New Perspectives (1991), Virginia Mason Vaughan indicates that literary criticism of Othello has advanced from older preoccupations with character and psychological analysis of character in the play to embrace new historicism, performance, and feminist theory as well as linguistic analysis originating from speech-act
Drawing eclectically upon a related spectrum of tendencies within common-language philosophy, speech-act
theory, and the linguistics of J.
Taking a general speech-act
approach and a linguistic pragmatics analysis to determine the incidence of directness and indirectness, the author then uses cultural analysis to understand why the writers used directness and indirectness.
In The Narrative Act (1981) she combines speech-act
theory and point-of-view criticism and, despite its formalist heritage, her poetics of point of view presents the necessary theoretical background with which to explore the narrator's "ideological and psychological attitudes toward a given 'content'" (1981: 93).
The one instance in the earlier chapters where Bazerman does make explicit use of theory is in his discussion of the patent process, where he spends some time exploring the concepts of speech-act
Norbrook's invocation of speech-act
theory or "pragmatics" is admittedly limited (and insofar as nearly every text investigated in the book is presented as a "speech-act
Assistance is available in speech-act
theory, which provides an organon for assessing arguments in terms more inclusive than that of truth-preservation.