Four T mazes were used to measure spatial memory
, they were made of black and white acrylic, and they had four parts: the start white alley (36x13.
In our experimental conditions, chronic administration of reboxetine, but not of fluoxetine determined an improvement of spatial memory
acquisition and also an increase of rat normal spontaneous locomotor activity in the T-maze test.
performance 2 weeks after general anesthesia in adult rats.
As the research paper concludes, "The use of spatial memory
suggests male whitetail deer may have developed an alternative strategy to increase competitiveness during the breeding season.
Beginning on day 37, the spatial memory
of rats in all the four groups was evaluated by MWM task.
However, other researchers (Bull, Davidson, & Nordmann, 2010; Rahman, Bakare, & Serinsu, 2011) proposed that no gender differences exist in the ability of spatial memory
Saffron can attenuate the deleterious effect of ethanol on memory registration and retrieval, and prevent ethanol-induced inhibition of hippocampal long-term potentiation Crocin seems to be involved in spatial memory
and recognition and blothed scopolamine-induced performance deficits in the step-through passive avoidance and radial water maze tests 'A.
In another set of experiments involving spatial memory
, the researchers found that mice lacking the Tet1 gene were able to learn to navigate a water maze, but were unable to extinguish the memory.
The spatial memory
researchers, with the patients' consent, "piggybacked" their research.
Alzheimer's disease patients show a deficit in spatial memory
(Simone and Baylis 1997).
The results reveal that EGCG enhances learning and memory by improving object recognition and spatial memory
By identifying and chronicling a history of these images, she identifies a 'durability of spatial memory
that is linked to social identity' (p.
Using this model, we have reported that rats subjected to this experi-mental model of hyperprolinemia present oxi-dative stress, impairment of spatial memory
in the Morris water maze and alterations in the activities of ([Na.
Exercise appears to benefit a range of cognitive abilities in animals and humans including spatial memory
, working memory, executive control, and processing speed (COLCOMBE; KRAMER, 2003; VAN DER BORGHT et al.
Repeated restraint stress has been reported to cause an impairment of spatial memory
(Luine et al, 1994) because of the reason that repeated restraint stress damages brain cells, especially hippocampal neurons (Watanbe et al 1992).