The focus on violence as theme and aesthetic follows the line of thought opened up by Ribeiro de Menezes and Fernandez de Alba, that is, to examine violence as not a generic trait or gimmick but as a poly-valenced point of entry into wider questions of Spanishness
Three sections address critical angles on the negotiation of the global-local and national-transnational: the first group focuses on a thorough revision of the concept of Spanishness
, showing that Spanish early genres and film language are transnational factors "capable of putting forward a more complex assessment of the challenges faced by Spanish society" (9).
6) So where did the Spanishness
of Bandello's story go in Shakespeare's play?
Hodgson had easier communication than many other volunteers with poorer Spanish language skills, and testimonial features of Hodgson's diary and passages where she privileges the voices of Spanish informants at times disrupt essentialist visions of Spanishness
1) Jose Neves's article on the Portuguese communist composer Fernando Lopes-Graca offers an interesting point of comparison, for whereas Semprun essentially rejected nationalism as identity, while stubbornly retaining a sense of his own Spanishness
, Neves describes Graca's turn to the national precisely in the context of the time he spent in Paris in the late 1930s.
Supposedly, Spaniards have become more secure in their Spanishness
, which outweighs "even questions of regional autonomy" and creates a "budding" Spanish ethnicity with European nationality (178, 197).
While Shakespeare's Falstaff plays refer to the Spanishness
of sack only obliquely, the later texts on which I focus in this paper foreground the origins and "identity" of sack sharply, though with differing effects.
A story about English crypto-Catholics in hiding from their heretical queen cannot avoid the question of religion, but Cervantes, far from the antagonistic vision one might anticipate, instead puts forward an England and a queen who are surprisingly tolerant of Spanishness
Therefore, "historical Flanders" is still rooted in the imperial sense of Spanishness
, particularly in the Madrid-based newspapers, a concept with considerable potential at a moment when Spain was undergoing a huge financial and political crisis.
The symbolic negative dimension frame of the debates was dominated by the "breakup" metaphor and by the assertion of the Britishness and the Spanishness
of Scotland and Catalonia, respectively.
2) The concepts of nation and identity are a burning topic in Spain today, and the presence of North African Muslim immigrants has prompted the questioning of the idea of Spanishness
from a new perspective.
His reworking and widening of themes and motifs of Spanishness
as well as his appropriation of Hollywood genres and narrative techniques resulted in a successful international recoding of Spanish culture--so successful that he became "the embodiment of postFranco Spain, the representative of the new nation" (Smith, 1994, 2).
Hemingway seems to have centered his transformative quest for Spanishness
on the example of specific social demographics--male, upper-middle-class toreros, aficionados, and their affiliates, figures who often represent conservative sectors of Spanish society.
What they did severely resent was the Inquisitorial bent to racialize Spanishness
into Old Christian purity, to reserve authentic "Spanish" standing formen and women whose ancestors (at least as far as they would admit) had never engaged in Jewish or Islamic heresies.
Sebastian added that Pemex officials told him in a meeting to discuss the voting deal with Sacyr that Mexico reputedly had no interest in taking control of Repsol- YPF, stating, "They gave me assurances that this operation would in no way put the company's at risk," adding that Repsol-YPF had arrangements with other companies, including Brazil's Petrobras - "also state- run and foreign" - and that is fine "as long as the company's Spanishness
is not at risk.