The conditions to which the Nigerian laborers were subjected in Spanish Guinea forced Nigeria to react to the complaints of the immigrants and became an issue that would dominate Nigerian-Equatorial Guinean relations during the colonial and immediate post-independence periods (Sundiata, 1990, p.
Disturbing reports were made of the repression that occurred on the plantations of both Spanish Guinea and Sao Tome and Principe.
The reality, however, that Jones Mathama's text is not the first of Spanish Guinea
, nor conceived from there, nor perhaps even a novel, makes it compelling precisely because ofits non-conformities.
In 1778, the territory became Spanish Guinea
, and over the next two centuries Spain became the dominant influence, exploiting its colony's rich cocoa fields while most of the inhabitants remained mired in poverty.
du Bois (1868-1963), described Africa in his book, The Negro (published in 1915, reprinted 1951), when colonies in Africa, many times bigger than their supposed European "mother countries", were still named British, Portuguese or (up to the end of World War I) German West or East Africa, or, for the sake of (first) postal differentiation, French, Portuguese or Spanish Guineas