For example, Proto-Penan-Sebop must have retained *h in final position because a single sound change
, *-a > *-ah, is attributable to PPS, and if inherited *h had already been deleted, it would have fed the later change, closing all word final vowels.
We make no claims here as to whether the consonant gradation in the language is due to a historical lenition or fortition; since both lenition and fortition are common sound changes
(Blevins 2004), either one could be responsible for the resulting sound patterns with the same impact on our proposals.
Nevertheless, in our view cases of degemination forced by metrical necessity should not be considered as actual evidence with respect to the discussion of a phonological phenomenon: formal alterations that are due to metrics normally affect the textual tokens and can hardly involve the underlying phonological form of a word in such a way as to result in a true sound change
This type of sound change
has been addressed from a variety of perspectives.
Positional retroflexion is supposed to account for some of the rhotic-conditioned sound changes
in Old English (especially pre-/r/ breaking), for rhotic metathesis, and for the wide distribution of [[?
Hale's chapter ("Neogrammarian sound change
"), which summarizes the traditional Neogrammarian view on sound change
as exceptionless, might have been better placed as the lead chapter to Part III.
More noticeable than sound change
is the continuous influx of new vocabulary, Nemoianu says.
At 13, 16, and 24 months of age, they scored higher on age-appropriate vocabulary and grammar tests than did children who hadn't discerned the sound change
as quickly, the investigators report in the July-Aug.
management involves recognising people's fears and concerns as well as their ability to come up with ingenious and workable ideas.
Weak palatalization was shown to be higher among young women speakers, and it is argued that palatalization is a sound change
in progress with women from the upper classes in the lead.
Teaching the student to note the sound change
and the feeling of things opening up enables that student to know when he or she reaches the intersection.
Since the latter sound change
can be shown to have begun in the South and the Midlands by the middle of the eighth century and in Northumbria by the middle of the nineth century, the terminus ad quem for Beowulf is ca.
The reflections cover Paul as a usage-based grammarian, the conceptions of analogical innovation/change, his emergent grammar, and his theory of sound change
He concludes that in addition to the sound change
of Vowel Apocope, which is already introduced in the Sino-Germanic section, the sound change
of Stem Vowel Metathesis is another very useful conception in the Sino-Uralic studies.
The book also examines the perception of segments, stress, and intonation in the fields of loanword adaptation, second language acquisition, and sound change