The multiple linear regression was performed in three blocks (block 1: cognitive anxiety, block 2: somatic anxiety
, and block 3: self-confidence), adopting the forward model.
They found low scores for the scales of cognitive and somatic anxiety
and high scores for self-confidence, attributing the lack of correlation between the variables to the perception of athletes on their emotional state.
Since the current study found that athletes with an intellectual disability experience similar levels of somatic anxiety
states when compared to elite-level Olympic athletes, it makes sense to study the effectiveness of treatment regimens like Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Diaphragmatic Breathing, and Biofeedback that have already been successfully used to treat somatic anxiety
in other performance domains (Haney, 2004).
The 3-way (Group x Condition x Test) RMANOVA indicated a significant Condition main effect for somatic anxiety
(F(1,10) = 14.
Interestingly more or less all patients reported some sort of somatic anxiety
on interview and the same was found by Sayeed et al who reported co-morbid anxiety and depressive symptoms in about 95% of patients with Conversion disorder13.
was associated with MSDs in both female and male tobacco processing workers.
The factor structure of the SAS-2 consists of three subscales: (1) a somatic anxiety
factor, which evaluates the physiological elements of hyper-activation, such as muscle tension or stomach uneasiness; (2) the cognitive subscales of worry, which assess concerns associated with poor performance; and (3) concentration disruption, which detects difficulties in focusing on relevant aspects of the competitive activity.
However, a parametric test was used to examine the differences of cognitive and somatic anxiety
among different age groups.
Spearman analysis revealed a positive correlation between severity of MG and BAI, HAM-D and HAM-A total and somatic anxiety
scores (Table 2).
When the somatic symptoms (items 4-6), somatic anxiety
(item 11), gastrointestinal somatic symptoms (item 12), general somatic symptoms (item 13), and genital symptoms (item 14) were removed from the total HDRS score, the correlation between total HDRS scores and total number of FSCs and the total mean PHQ-15 scores was no longer evident.
This is particularly true in self-report instruments that have not taken into consideration items reflecting symptoms of somatic anxiety
and somatic depression.
Dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies reported midlevel scores for all constructs and experienced somatic anxiety
as being more debilitative to performance than did those with no perfectionistic tendencies.
Nearly more than half of obese patients without a psychiatric diagnosis marked at least 1 of HAM-D items which are depressed mood, guilt feeling, somatic anxiety
, work and activity loss and general somatic symptoms.
Multiple regression results showed concentration disruption, but not cognitive worry or somatic anxiety
, to significantly predict S-BRM performance.
It comprises three subscales: i) Somatic anxiety
(five items; [alpha] = .