In a single essay, I can hope only to address the most salient features of the Symposium that bear on my thesis, but if I am correct in seeing, first, a Solonian legacy in Socrates and, second, a link between this legacy and the seductive power of the Symposium, we will have made significant strides toward understanding the genesis of philosophical eros and its significance for the Socratic unity of happiness and philosophy.
In the Symposium, what requires to be mastered is the Solonian legacy in Socrates.
Looking forward: I argue that the Solonian legacy in Socrates evokes the trauma of eros split through the temporal scheme of Nachtraglichkeit, and moreover that this split is revealed through careful examination of the dramatic structure of the dialogue, which is organized by a rhetorical tension between surface and depth which accords with the structure of Socrates' hubris and a parallel tension between Apollo and Dionysus.
Kyle has argued that the one part of this law that is genuinely Solonian
(based on other citations as such) is the prohibition against slaves "oiling themselves in the gymnasium ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) or acting as lovers ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
The presence of a popular council in Chios is enough to prove the existence of an early democracy there (`the best guess putting it in the 570s', 92), but the Athenian Council of Four Hundred, which may have beaten the Chiots' by some twenty years, is not even discussed when we are abruptly informed that `we may safely eliminate Solonian
Athens as a candidate for democracy' (39 and n.
10 is correct to ascribe this law to Solon is strongly suggested by its evident connection with a major aspect of Solonian legislation, the prohibition of loans on the security of the person.
87 reproduces the whole law as Solonian, marking out the reference to Eukleides as a later addition.
In the end he successfully opposed Isagoras and reforming the Solonian institutions, he introduced a new form of constitution ~democracy', which was actually arising in several Greek city-states at the time.
In short, I think it is essentially correct to have the anniversary of Athenian democracy now, and not in 2039 when our grandchildren may meet to celebrate Ephialtes, or back in 1907 when, in the light of the recently discovered Aristotelian Constitution of Athens, our great-grandfathers might have got together to commemorate an alleged Solonian democracy, with its popular courts manned by jurors, its Council of Four Hundred, and the sanction of impeachment to the Council of the Areopagos for overthrowing the democracy.
Bajo el epigrafe Revolutions and New Order in Solonian
Athens and Archic Greece, la voz de Plutarco nos acerca a la vida del mas famoso de los siete sabios de Grecia, Solon.
30) That Solon is recorded as the first to use the term need not count against this reading: a number of other words, metaphors and iuncturae are attested first in Solonian texts.
Lardinois 2006:17-18 believes that the majority of the Solonian elegies (excluding Frr.
In contrast, Solonian legislation dealing with rape specified damages to be paid to the victim or the kyrios.
The broad definition of moicheia in Athens is of a piece with the right which Solonian law granted to a father or brother to sell into slavery a daughter or sister found in illicit sex (Plut.
There is, for instance, no known case of a daughter sold into slavery under the Solonian
law,(16) and not all adulterers necessarily paid the penalty of their act.