For example, when Martial Law was declared in Poland we had underground meetings in private houses all over the city organised by Solidarnosc
41) As outlined at the very beginning of the paper, Central and Eastern Europe experienced several large-scale scale social movements, demonstrations or other forms of citizen participation such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the Prague Spring, SolidarnoSC
in Poland, Sajudis in Lithuania, and the Zajedno coalition in Serbia.
El nombre de este proyecto revela dos puntos de referencia: una visible inspiracion espanola y un recuerdo de las protestas de Solidarnosc
de los anos 80 del siglo XX, cfr.
Jacek Sariusz-Wolski is a trained economist, who became involved in politics through the Solidarnosc
In the decades following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Third Republic of Poland presented a rearrangement of the different parties which had joined forces under the unique formation which Solidarnosc
Paradoxalement, c'est le degre de resistance du parti communiste a Solidarnosc
qui, s'il est sufissant, pourra empecher l'invasion.
To name but two examples: The Polish Catholic movement Solidarnosc
, by resisting the Communist Party, made a decisive contribution to the downfall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe.
Jerzy Popieluszko was a priest killed by the communists because of his position as chaplain in the Solidarnosc
syndicate from Huta.
the extremist party Prawica Narodowa co-formed Akcja Wyborcza Solidarnosc
in the elections of 1997).
5) Neither the civic movements in Eastern Europe are mentioned, with the exception of Solidarnosc
, nor the migrations.
The 85-year-old director, who has made more than 50 features, has just begun shooting "Walesa," adapting material from a book by Janusz Glowacki and focusing on the first 20 years following the rise of the civil rights movement known to Poles as Solidarnosc
1980 will no doubt find it instructive to consider that at that precise time the CIA was financing, in Poland, strikes led by the local Solidarnosc
labor union (started in July 1980), while, for its part, the KGB was quite literally striking back by masterminding, through various middlemen, Mehmet Ali Agca's attempt, in Rome, on the life of the Polish pope John Paul II (May 13, 1981).
The Polish cat tackles something arguably even more controversial by discussing in a fairly sympathetic manner the claim of General Wojciech Jaruzelski that his imposition of martial law in December 1981 was undertaken for patriotic reasons, namely to forestall an invasion of Soviet troops sent by the Kremlin to put an end to the Polish troubles, as they saw it, and the influence of Solidarnosc
, Poland's popular, independent trade union.
The Polish opposition movement, Solidarnosc
, cooperated closely with the Catholic church.
128) Wlodzimierz Wesolowski and Aneta Gawkowska, "Jednostka, wspolnota i solidarnosc