Although Luhmann attributed the ability to process meaning to social systems
in general rather than individual actors, it has been suggested that actors and actions can be viewed as carriers of communication (13)--they are instruments in the common actualisation of meaning--and this seems a sensible approach to take.
As the late author Donella Meadows puts it in Beyond the Limits, A sustainable society is one that can persist over generations, one that is farseeing enough, flexible enough, and wise enough not to undermine either its physical or its social systems
This issue of the Humanist is about breaking traditions--an endeavor readily associated with humanism because of the frequent humanist practice of challenging traditional faiths, mores, and social systems
The essential features of this persuasive appeal include a Quixote-like main character forced to make effective use of limited resources; powerful opposition in the form of a social system
and its representatives; translating legal and cultural issues into moral conflicts; personalizing the moral issues that result in order to allow accessibility and clarity; the use or replacement of traditionally repressive familial melodramatic settings with community configurations and the recreation of public events; a nd, finally, a representation that simultaneously presents, critiques, and affirms the social systems
that repress the main characters.
This is useful to draw attention to the enormous diversity of social systems
in pre-state sedentary societies.
Overall, cities were seen as social systems
that had gone wrong.
The economic and social systems
, already heavily eroded, fell into total disrepair after the end of the bubble economy.
INDIA: Religious groups throughout Asia have rejected the use of violence to combat terrorism and urged Western countries to transform unjust social systems
to bring about world peace.
Daneke works to make the case that conventional (albeit widely accepted) notions of economics, decision making, and organizational theory fail to adequately explain how complex organizational and social systems
He delivers his monologues condemning the social systems
that tacitly encourage dishonesty just right - not too much bluster, not too much soaring rhetoric, just with a vaguely impotent frustration that circumstances have reduced him to this level.
Alas, Epstein believes one can understand social systems
through deductive reason, abstractly tracing out what "will" happen from what the "incentives" tell you.
In so doing, Pertierra relies heavily on authors and theoretical constructs of modern social systems
theory, especially as it is represented by Niklas Luhmann.
Individualism focuses on the composition of social systems
, whereas holism focuses on their structure.
While you'd expect that those with higher wages and/or the social systems
that don't allow layoffs to be the ones to most aggressively apply automation, we were told by exhibitors that among the most promising of prospects were the low-wage nations of the Far East.
He sees social systems
as more like natural ones, evolving slowly on their own, not directly improved by individual human action - and in most cases, this is the right way to look at them.