Hypothesis 2: Social distance
will amplify differences in self-other risk perception, such that greater bias will occur when people compare themselves to a distant, versus close, target.
V is the undiscounted reward value at social distance
(N) = 0, and s is a constant measuring social discounting rate, s-values closer to 0 indicate shallower discounting, or relatively more sharing.
The decreased social distance
between an inner core and those who evaluate pure sociology ideas will be linked to more subjective and confirmatory evidence, especially if evaluating one's own ideas.
The social distance
scale (SDS) which includes seven items representing different degrees of social distance
: The Social Distance
Scale originated in the Bogardus study in 1926, which was designed to measure the level of acceptability of various types of social relationships of Americans with members of common ethnic groups.
The social distance
attitudes scale measured how much people wished to avoid social interaction with schizophrenic patients (Lauber et al.
For both depression and schizophrenia vignettes, both student and adult participants had a significantly higher mean social distance
H2: Different social distances
had significant impact on short-sighted consuming intentions, and compared with far social distance
, the short-sighted consuming intentions in close social distance
Most of the discourse particles in the data were used for the purpose of reducing social distance
Table 1 displays the self-other perceptual disparity regarding the influence of ISIS's social media message to recruit young Americans based on the social distance
The relevance of Bogardus's (1933) Social Distance
Model for Chinese immigrants is that they were one of the groups with the greatest social distance
from or antipathy toward the dominant White European majority dating back more than 80 years.
We also hypothesise that the level of social distance
and affect existing between the speaker (henceforth S) and the hearer (henceforth H) in a particular situation could have an impact on these differences.
Among their topics are a theoretical analysis of the social influence of the National Football League's Rooney rule, frames of double consciousness in presidential candidate Barack Obama's race speech, attitudes of heterosexual college-educated African American women about inter-racial relationship, viewing race and interaction in 25 yeas of Super Bowl commercials through the lens of social distance
, and black masculinity and representation in popular culture with a case study of Quentin Tarantino's film Django Unchained.
Scale comprises seven statements that refer to interaction with the target individuals with each statement rated on 4-point Likert scale (0 = definitely willing to 3 = definitely unwilling.
A "degree of separation" is a measure of social distance
Many variables have been found to impact interlocutors' choice of request strategy: request goal, age of the addressee, and power of the speaker (Blum-Kulka, Danet, & Gherson, 1985); power, social distance
, and degree of imposition (Brown & Levinson, 1987); social distance
and power (Wolfson, 1989); degree of imposition (Blum-Kulka & House, 1989); gender and status (O'Neill & Colley, 2006); and purpose of interaction, status, social distance
, and gender (Vine, 2009).