The equality clause of the classic social contract theories
of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau later reappears in contemporary contractual justice theory, that is, John Rawls' theory of justice.
Although not addressed explicitly, the works that fit most soundly into the social contract theories
are those that were published in the 1950s and the 1970s, whereas those published later in the 1990s and the early twenty-first century challenge the more direct application of the social contract.
She summarizes and critiques the social contract theories
of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls; explores the relationship of terrorism to social contract theory; and proposes strategies for ameliorating terrorism by fostering governmental legitimacy.
It rests on the insight that social contract theories
correspond so closely to the design of states that they cannot really tell us how to do justice to those who fall outside the basic requirements of equal citizenship.
3 (1987) ("The social contract theories
advanced by contemporary thinkers who continue in the contractarian tradition of Locke, Rousseau, and Kant depict 'an idealized moral conception of persons as free, rational and equal'.
According to social contract theories
of morality, right and wrong are nothing more than the agreement among rationally self-interested individuals to give up the unhindered pursuit of their own desires for the security of living in peace.
Social contract theories
and theories of individual rights are often considered to be the most influential philosophies in the process of nation-building through which elaborate mythologies have been created.
Those who would seek to justify such sweeping change may find theoretical solace in the social contract theories
of Locke and Rousseau while their opponents could, somewhat paradoxically, also turn to social contract theory, in particular, that of Thomas Hobbes.
Lest this seem a mere effort to strategically ally Catholic social teaching and Murray with the liberal social contract theories
of Rawls in order