Oral supplementation of end stage renal disease patients with Silybum
marianum (Livergol[R]) extract and vitamin E led to a reduction of MDA and increases in red blood cell (RBC) GPX levels (Roozbeh et al.
1% (v/v); LOT: 035995), Silybum
marianum (milk thistle) fruit extract (DER: 1:2; ethanol content: 50.
Chelate heavy metals Silybum
marianum, Crataegus oxycantha, Allium sativum
Follow-up treatment may include immunostimulation (Echinacea spp), adaptogenic (Eleuthrococcus senticosus) and anti-allergenic herbs (Scutellaria baicalensis, Tylophora asthmatica and/or Gingko biloba), digestive and liver tonics (Berberis vulgaris, Rumex crispus and Silybum
marianum), lymphatic herbs (Iris versicolor, Galium aparine) and nervines (Avena sativa, Melissa officinalis, Tilia cordata); with a review of exercise, relaxation techniques and diet.
Silymarin is a standardized extract of Silybum
marianum, composed of the flavonolignans: silybin, isosilybin, silychristin and silydianin (Fig.
There are experimental data showing that dry extract from Silybum
marianum significantly inhibited a number of CYPs including CYP 3A4 and CYP 2E1 (Doehmer et al.
Silymarin is a standardized extract of polyphenolics from the seeds of Silybum
Components Name Binomial name mg/ml % STW 5 Ibarogast[R] 59 100 STW 6 Birrer Iberis amara (L) 18 15 candytuft STW 5-K II Peppermint Mettthae piperita (L) 88 5 leaves STW 5-K III Chamomile Ctiamomilla recutita 58 20 flower (L) STW 5-K IV Liquorice root Glycyrrhiza glabra (L) 100 10 STW 5-K V Angelica root Angelica archangelica 99 10 (L) STW 5-K VI Caraway fruit Carum Carvi (L) 47 10 STW 5-K VII Milk thistle Silybum
mananum (L) 20 10 Gaertn STW 5-K VIII Lemon balm Melissa officinalis 71 10 leaves (L.
Natural products such as Lycii fructus (wolfberry derivated), Silybum
marianum derivatives (silymarin and silibinin), curcumin, garlic, green tea and grape derivated resveratrol are used in experimental liver injuries (Xiao et al.
Silymarin isolated from Silybum
marianum has been found to be a potent anti-hepatotoxic agent against a number of toxicants.
2011) reported Disaphis lappe and Aphis fabae damaging Silybum
marianum, a medicinal weed crop in Iran and Greece.
This plant, known as Silybum
marianum, has sily marin as its bioactive compound.
Silymarin, an extract of Silybum
marianum (milk thistle) standardised to contain 70-80% silymarin flavonolignans, exhibits strong antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities, as well as immunomodulatory effects.
Effect of seed priming by potassium nitrate on germination and biochemical indices in Silybum
2009), somatic embryogenesis in woody plants (Huetteman and Preece, 1993) and for regeneration and enhancement of flavonoids in Silybum
marianum (Khan et al.