Samoyedic languages have a clear distance from Finno-Ugric languages but somewhat surprising is that the South Samoyed language Selkup
has most cognates with Estonian.
They caught so many that they had enough flesh and skins to trade with their neighbors for wooden bows and small ships from the peoples that lived up the River Yenisey: the Selkup
, the Ket, and the taiga Enets.
language is a conglomerate of dialects whose differences are obviously marked.
(15) qo-na-k <find-AOR-1SG> qoo-sa-k <find-PST-1SG>
Furthermore, Siberian Tatar may be an influence on the Ob-Ugric languages and Selkup
Mordvin kal 'fish'; Mari kol 'fish'; Mansi kol/%ul/kul 'fish'; Khanty kul/xut'/xul 'fish'; Hungarian hal 'fish'; Nenets Xal'e/kare 'fish'; Enets kade/kare/kare 'fish'; Nganasan kole/kuale/kualle 'fish'; Selkup
kel/qel/ qeli/kuel/qeli 'fish'; Kamas kola 'fish'; Mator kele 'fish'.
This is evident in the Selkup
reflexes, for instance; Bykonya 's Selkup
dialect dictionary gives the forms ObSh, ObCh, Ty puz, ObS, Vas puze, Tur, Elputi, Ket puca ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2005 : 197), with the diverse meanings 'inside, interior; soul; stomach; navel; seed; core; pipe (instrument); barrel (of a gun)'.
The vowel of the Selkup
word is also slightly irregular: PSlk *coce would presuppose a PSam form *coce, but PSam *-o- is not a regular reflex of PU *-u-; one would expect a PSam form *cuce.
It includes Mari (analyzed in detail in the first part of this paper), Selkup
However, it is known that in Selkup
and in Malayalam all closed syllables, even those closed by the first part of a geminate, are light.
Note also that in Selkup
, interrogatives (which are marked by a preverbal particle) tend to use the inferential mood, but this paradigmatic asymmetry is only a preference, not a grammatical restriction.
i-) (also in all Sg2 forms and in all conjunctive forms) According to different sources: General use Use in imperative SELKUP
Nominative is particularly characteristic of the Forest Nenets direct object and of the Selkup
Taz dialect direct object ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Kortvely notes that in Selkup
the two existing conjugations are connected, first of all, in accordance with the intransitivity or transitivity of the verb or the linguistic situation, e.
By contrast, all Samoyedic languages clearly have a category of unmarked object next to an indicative finite verb, and in three of these: (Tundra) Nenets, (6) Enets and Selkup
this form expresses the definiteness or the focus function of the object.