The secessionist movements
in Spain, the UK and other parts of Europe have a complex historical backstory, but the divisions they represent are being also stirred.
POLITICAL STABILITYbrWith the exception of South Sudan and Eritrea, secessionist movements
in Africa have invariably failed for a number of reasons.
The Senate leader expressed elation over the scheduled finalising of the comprehensive contract on the Bangsamoro made between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) on March 27, ending nearly four decades of intense insurgency by one of the country s biggest secessionist movements
Pierre Englebert and Rebecca Hummel observe that Africa has experienced fewer secessionist movements
over the past 40 years than any other place in the world.
According to the Express Tribune, the technology is being implemented in Pakistan for political and social filtering, including websites of secessionist movements
, sensitive religious topics and independent media.
Citing such groups as Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) or "celebrities without borders" such as Madonna or Bono, he notes that those who have enough cultural or symbolic capital are often recognized and encouraged as "citizens without frontiers," but many others without such social capital are instead criminalized and punished for enacting their political subjectivities by crossing borders, citing in these cases such movements as the solidarity struggles against apartheid, secessionist movements
, the environmental movement, solidarity movements with refugees, and Wikileaks.
In 2006, an American screenwriter managed to get a comment from Scalia on the legitimacy of secessionist movements
by writing him for advice on a film script about an independence drive by the northeastern state of Maine.
It probably would have demonstrated that states like North Carolina and Pennsylvania were quite capable of suppressing local insurgencies and secessionist movements
through law and negotiation, with a minimum of force.
The world has received the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued on July 22 as a victory for secessionist movements
Russian courts with nationalist sentiment in the Caucasus have the serious potential to face a backlash as Russia suppresses secessionist movements
on its own soil, as in Chechnya.
But some say, China may find it impossible to effectively crack down on secessionist movements
Daniel Kawczynski (Con Shrewsbury and Atcham) said the decision to recognise the breakaway state, which has angered Russia, would encourage other secessionist movements
in the region.
It warns that any attempt to bypass the UN would create a dangerous precedent for other secessionist movements
in the world, including those in Georgia and Moldova (see Europolitics 3465).
Ultimately, the secessionist movements
may propose a confederation as a compromise.
A comparative analysis of the outcomes of secessionist movements
around the world shows that attempts at secession are almost always unsuccessful, for the basic reason that states do not willingly give up what they consider their sovereign territory.