References in periodicals archive ?
In this report, we present a male patient aged 17 with a gradually growing mass and IMH that occured within the left scalene muscles after blunt trauma and underwent surgical excision with a preliminary diagnosis of arteriovenous fistula.
Such soft-tissue abnormalities have been documented in the literature, as well as the varying outlet dimensions between the anterior and medius scalene muscles.
Falla D, Rainoldi A, Jull G, Stavrou G, Tsao H (2004d) Lack of correlation between sternocleidomastoid and scalene muscle fatigability and duration of symptoms in chronic neck pain patients.
Scalene muscles and the brachial plexus: anatomical variations and their clinical significance.
A chain of three discrete hypoechoic nodules (upper, middle and lower trunks) were located between the anterior and medial scalene muscles.
b) It is found medial to the scalene muscles, lateral to the longus coli muscle, oesophagus and trachea, by the recurrent laryngeal nerve.
The roots unite to form the upper (C5 and C6 roots), middle (C7 root), and lower (C8 and T1 roots) "trunks" in or near the cleft between the anterior and middle scalene muscles known as the interscalene triangle.
The dynamic movement of sudden standing stresses the ribs and the maldistribution of forces across the scalene muscles and pectoralis major, impact on the sternum, resulting in the sternal stress fracture.
Traction'-type forces (categories (ii) and (iii) above) cause fractures close to the scalene tubercule, the point of insertion of the scalene muscles.
Many authors describe techniques for locating or palpating the scalene muscles (Brantigan and Roos 2004, Falla et al 2002a, Gross et al 2002, Kostopoulos and Rizopoulos 2001, Porterfield and DeRosa 1995, Senjyu et al 2002).
The muscles most commonly involved in the thoracic outlet region are the two scalene muscles (scalenus anterior and scalenus medius) attaching to the first rib, the subclavius muscle attaching between the clavicle and first rib, and the pectoralis minor attaching at the coracoid process.
The stellate ganglion is located medial to the scalene muscles, lateral to the longus colli muscle and the trachea, together with the laryngeal recurrent nerve, anterior to the transverse process; the inferior most section is located posteriorly to the superior margin of the first section of the subclavian artery and at the origin of the vertebral artery, posterior to the apex of the lung.