Richard von Krafft-Ebing


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Synonyms for Richard von Krafft-Ebing

German neurologist noted for his studies of sexual deviance (1840-1902)

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Richard von Krafft-Ebing, the famed 19th century encyclopedist of sexual practices, called homosexuality a "degenerative sickness." Some psychiatrists tried to "cure" the problem with various procedures.
Because she was dyslexic--her spelling was extraordinary--she found reading a struggle, so Una would read aloud to her from Studies in the Psychology of Sex, by Havelock Ellis, and from Psychopathia Sexualis, by Richard von Krafft-Ebing. With disconcerting ease, Hall embraced their contentious theories about "congenital sexual inversion." She took bits of their writing that appealed to her, mixed these with Catholicism, spiritualism--she was a member of the Society for Psychical Research--and oddball ideas on endocrinology, and came up with a theory of lesbian identity that has startled and dismayed readers of her classic novel down through the decades.
Richard von Krafft-Ebing, one of the most renowned sexologists of the period and a specialist in nervous disorders, did much to advance such ideas in his seminal work Psychopathia Sexualis.
One of the most important pioneers in the art of manufacturing mental diseases was Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902), a German-born psychiatrist who was professor of psychiatry successively at the universities of Strasbourg, Graz, and Vienna.
Their suspicion of researchers extends back to the earliest scientific research on sexuality by Richard von Krafft-Ebing, whose groundbreaking 1886 book, Psychopathia Sexualis, was composed of case studies of and interviews with "sexual deviants." Krafft-Ebing's reputation had led sexual minority individuals to send him personal information, with the hope that it would benefit others.
It would have been interesting to see Lawrence contextualized with reference to European sexologists like Edward Carpenter, Otto Weininger, Havelock Ellis, or Richard von Krafft-Ebing, but Cowan's intention is rather to reconsider his attitudes "in light of subsequent medical research and cultural change" (71).
Both Benedict and Mead read Havelock Ellis, who viewed homosexuality as a genetic anomaly, much like being color-blind, and his summaries of other theorists such as the German neuropsychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing, who viewed homosexuality as a perversion.
In addition to its affinities with the degenerationist themes of contemporary Gothic fiction, Dorian Gray also shows unmistakable traces of contemporary non-fictional degenerationist writings, especially Richard von Krafft-Ebing's theory of the etiology of sexual perversion, specifically homosexuality.
Richard Von Krafft-Ebing, who was inspired by Von Sacher-Masoch's novel Venus in Furs (1870), coined the term "masochism" long after it became a prevalent literary motif in early-nineteenth-century literature.
Creating diseases by coining pseudomedical terms was raised to the level of art by Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902), a German-born professor of psychiatry at the Universities of Strasbourg, Graz, and Vienna.
Richard von Krafft-Ebing, a disciple of Wesphal, developed a classificatory scheme around two distinct axes: perversion (congenital, hereditary, behaviour for which the subject could not be held responsible) and perversity (willed, immoral behaviour or vice for which the subject could be held accountable).
Judging from his footnotes, Jones's guiding experts on "masochism" have been Havelock Ellis, Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Theodor Reik, now partly or wholly superseded by recent scholarship.
Westphal's case brought the lesbian as a distinct kind of person into being and inaugurated an explosion of psychiatric studies of the "invert," the "third sex," the woman with "a touch of the hermaphrodite," the "male soul trapped in a female body," the "unsexed," the "semi-women." Havelock Ellis and Richard von Krafft-Ebing were two of his more famous disciples.
Between 1864 and 1879 he published twelve monographs on the topic.(3) Carl Westphal (1833--1890) is the physician who is usually given credit for putting the study of stigmatized sexual behavior on a scientific basis.(4) Delving further into the subject was Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840--1902), who invented or popularized many of the diagnostic categories now applied to differing expressions of sexuality.