In the Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi
example in Iran cited above, the Khomeini revolution was able to upstage it because of its authoritarianism.
London was once a major center for expatriate Iranians under the UK-backed Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
, who was overthrown in 1979, and the UK is still home to more than 80,000 Iranians.
The history of hostility between the United States and Iran is in large part rooted in the 1953 overthrow, engineered by the US Central Intelligence Agency, of the democratically elected Iranian prime minister, Muhhamad Mossadeq, and the installation of the autocratic Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Under Reza Shah Pahlavi
, nationalists claimed ancient Persia as the foundation for Iranian secular nationalism, adopting Zoroastrian motifs for public architecture and positing ancient Zoroastrian history as the legacy of all Iranians.
Pehlvi Restaurant on MA Jinnah Road was named after the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
and bore resemblance to a traditional Persian hotel with wooden furniture and authentic food.
The Shah assumed the throne when Britain and Russia forced his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi
(Reza Shah), from power because of his perceived alignment with Germany in World War II.
All I ask of those not willing to grasp on to the Crown Prince's generous offer of dialogue is to go read the history books and see what became of the nations, to mention a few Egypt before and after King Farouq and Iran before and after Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Though his monarchy was toppled in 1979 and he died in 1980, the life of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
, the last Shah of Iran, continues to resonate today.
The change was brought about by Reza Shah Pahlavi
, a masterful army officer risen from the ranks who seized power in a coup in 1921 with the support of Persian nationalists angered by the domination of their country by foreign powers, particularly Britain and Russia.
However, nobody anticipated the collapse of the pro-American regime of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
30 years ago.
Most of Pollack's book is a very accessible survey of this story, starting from the beginning (literally) in the Ice Age, to the rise of Persia and Shia Islam, and then moving quickly through the rise and fall of Reza Shah Pahlavi
, who was in many ways the founder of modern Iran.
The crowd is a mixture of revolutionary veterans and young people not yet born when Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned from exile in France and overthrew the monarchy of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
. Helicopters drop tinsel on the marchers, evoking the days when helicopters dropped flowers on anti-Shah protestors as the army was changing sides.
The last of the Shahs, Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi
, held onto power through the use of his brutal secret police, the Savak.
Khatami, the first Iranian leader to travel to Japan since King Reza Shah Pahlavi
in 1958, said Japan is a good example of that process as it has successfully assimilated Western ideas.
''Private economic activities are becoming heightened, and further revitalization is extremely important'' for the two countries, Mori was quoted as telling Khatami, the first Iranian leader to come to Japan since King Reza Shah Pahlavi