The current market growth for sodium hypophosphite is backed by high demand of reducing agents
and antioxidants from the Asia Pacific region.
Previously, the only reliable way to make gold nanoparticles, which are used in a variety of applications ranging from bioimaging and drug discovery to gas detection, was to combine the gold precursor chloroauric acid with a reducing agent
, such as sodium borohydride.
Reduction of ionic silver was performed by using triethyl amine as reducing agent
and cephradine as stabilizer.
Recently, a green method using naturally occurring reducing agents
such as polysaccharides, microorganisms (bacteria and fungus), or plants extract has been used as a simple, nontoxic, and environment friendly alternative to the complex chemical methods for synthesis of metallic nanoparticles.
CMC is water soluble, presents chemical stability, and is not toxic and, besides, being a reducing agent
, it also can act as a particle stabilizer [16-18].
Wet chemical methods [43-45] have also been used for the production of metal nanoparticles, which involve the reduction of metal salts carried out by using reducing agents
such as sodium citrate , 1-hydroxyalkyl radical , sodium borohydride , citric acid  and different amines [50-52].
More specifically, the program will examine caramelization and how maple sugars participate in the Maillard reaction, the combination of amino acids and reducing agents
that yields the desirable flavour of browned foods such as seared meats or pan-fried dumplings.
He begins with the reagents and processes: alkylating agents, acylating agents, nitration and nitrosylation, oxidation, and modifying proteins with reducing agents
. Then he surveys the chemical modification of various proteins: cysteine, cystine, methionine, carboxyl groups in proteins, tyrosine residues, tryptophan, amino groups, histidine, and arginine.
They are based on alkaline reducing agents
that swell the hair and break the disulfide bonds.
Because the system relies on MIR-based detection of biomolecules, users can obtain accurate and reproducible protein quantitation in the presence of reducing agents
chemically reduce other substances.
The role of gold nanoparticles in studies based on fluorescence techniques is much more important as effective fluorescence reducing agents
of Delhi, India), and he presents a comprehensive account of different types of reducing agents
and their applications.
The extracts were also strong electron donors and hence reducing agents
, another marker of antioxidation," said the researchers from the Central Food Technological Research Institute.