Independent evidence that the Israelites were in Canaan between 1500 and 1050 BC can be found in the Merneptah Stele, an Egyptian text dating from the reign of the Pharaoh Merneptah, son of the well-known Ramesses the Great.
If their arguments are accepted, it would not only be the oldest solar eclipse yet recorded, it would also enable researchers to date the reigns of Ramesses the Great and his son Merneptah to within a year.
We also see the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut and Colossi of Memnon and the tomb of Ramesses the Great. The Valley of the Kings is where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and the powerful nobles of the New Kingdom.
(3.) For Ramesside innovations in the visual arts, see Hourig Sourouzian, "The Statues of King Merenptah," in Fragments of a Shattered Visage: The Proceedings of the International Symposium of Ramesses the Great, ed.
He was one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs and is often called "Ramesses the Great." In the first century B.C., the historian Diodorus Siculus called him "Ozymandias," a Greek rendering of User-maat-Re ("The Justice of Re Is Powerful"), the throne name of Ramesses II.
James Henry Breasted, in his well-known synthesis, A History of Egypt, assessed the impact of Ramesses the Great: "Probably no pharaoh ever left a more profound impression on his age." Understandably famous in his own time, Ramesses II has remained a celebrity through the millenniums.