were removed from the petri plate, which was immediately transferred to the stage of an Olympus OM1 compound microscope for photomicroscopy of the top view of the spermatophore (40 x and 100 x magnifications).
New and little known pseudoscorpions
, principally from the islands and adjacent shores of the Gulf of California.
Despite their great age, the Devonian pseudoscorpions
do not seem primitive compared with modern species, according to Shear.
insulae in the western of Cuba it is not a surprise because the relation between the pseudoscorpion
fauna of this part of the island with the Floridian fauna (pers.
Correspondingly, the fossil record is biased against mites, harvestmen, pseudoscorpions
) also prey on the microarthopods.
Three strictly predaceous groups (the centipedes [Chilopoda], pseudoscorpions
[Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida], and spiders [Arachnida: Araneae]) were nearly twice as abundant in the plots receiving additional detritus (2.
Dasychernes Chamberlin 1929, a Neotropical genus of melittophilous pseudoscorpions
exclusively associated with bees, contains four species associated with colonies of the stingless bee genera Melipona Illiger and Trigona Jurine (Mahnert 1982, 1987; Harvey 1991).
Phoretic associations between pseudoscorpions
and other animals, including insects, are not uncommon (e.
These include pseudoscorpions
, which often occupy the nests of small mammals, especially of the order Rodentia, including various rats and mice in North and Central America (Rattus norvegicus, Microtus spp.
, Mexico, Cuba, taxonomy, morphology, new species, biospeleology, troglobite
Thirty-two species of pseudoscorpions
have been found co-existing with nine packrat (or wondrat) species of the genus Neotoma, and this association has been referred to as phoresy.
Among the non-spider arachnids, shared silken retreats can only be produced by social spider mites and pseudoscorpions
(Brach 1978; Mori & Saito 2005; Tizo-Pedroso & Del-Claro 2005).
While examining the status of the various species attributed to the genus Albiorix, we have found that the three species from Amazonian Brazil attributed to the genus Albiorix differ considerably from other members of the genus, particularly in features of the arolium--the elongate, soft structure situated at the distal end of the pedal tarsus between the tarsal claws of all pseudoscorpions
The male genitalia of pseudoscorpions
are used for indirect sperm insertion, the male produces a spermatophore with a sperm packet on a stalk which is deposited on the substratum.