Yet Marsh is careful to emphasize that the Lutheran and Calvinist teachings so lethal to Catholic beliefs and so influential among the political and religious elites of a Protestantizing
England were imbibed only slowly and imperfectly by the populace at large.
The poetics of disfigurement could also be applied to a revisionist cause, in which divisive events in English political and religious history were revisited and reclaimed, in order to promote a viable Catholic imaginary--what Shell calls a condition of "mental impregnability" against current and future encroachments of a "dominant" protestantizing
culture in England.
Nor have we any idea whether the carets and deficits and the nova loquela of John Clerke and his colleagues mark rewritings under Mary to strengthen the contemporaneity of the Catholicism, or on the other hand indicate Elizabethan Protestantizing
, or simply show the continued 'improvements' of owners and performers.
A joint venture with Protestant Prussia, this new bishopric was exactly the kind of Protestantizing
of the Anglican Church he feared.
Professor Macek's revised dissertation deals with the polemical writings of Tudor prelates and theologians (also some lay writers) who first resisted the Protestantizing
tendencies of Cranmer and his associates under Henry VIII and Edward VI, then rallied to the support of Mary's efforts to re-establish Catholicism in England.
He also discusses some current crucial problems: priest shortage and celibacy, and the resultant possible Protestantizing
(442) of the Church into a Freikirche (191); ordination of women (he is in favor, but not optimistic); appointment of bishops, inner-churchly procedures such as doctrinal orthodoxy trials.
16) In this context, the genre paintings created by northern European Protestants of the time, in which the kitchen table became the "new altar" and the women tending the hearth substituted for statues of the Blessed Mother, show how popularizing and Protestantizing
revisions of iconography worked to exalt the role of the woman who functions within this domestic space.