Endemic orthopoxvirus circulating in procyonids
In some regions of Brazil, as the Pantanal in Mato Grosso do Sul, the role of procyonids in maintaining T.
The biological sample collection and search for parasites in procyonids were authorized by the System for Authorization and Information on Biodiversity from the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity (SISBIO/ICMBIO, protocol 30710-1).
Pet dogs, kinkajous and other procyonids, and skunks (host of a related Baylisascaris species) (1), which might be kept as exotic pets, should receive routine veterinary care, including regular dewormings and periodic fecal examinations.
In addition to raccoons, adult BP have been described in a kinkajou from Colombia and in another procyonid, the bushy-tailed olingo (Bassaricyon gabbii) (4).
Still others recommend pouring ammonia along the route to trick the masked procyonids
into thinking some bigger, tougher animal has barged in on the territory.
In terrestrial mammals leucism has been reported in canids (Lopez-Gonzalez, 2011), ursids (Ritland et al., 2001), erinaceids (Morris and Tutt, 1996), mustelids (Tortato and Althoff, 2007), cervids (de Oliveira, 2009), soricids (Guevara et al., 2011), rodents (Nedyalkov et al., 2014), and procyonids
(Silva-Caballero et al., 2014), and it is relatively common in bats (Boada and Tirira, 2010; Marin-Vazquez et al., 2010; Garcia-Morales et al., 2012; Velandia-Perilla et al., 2013; Tello et al., 2014).
This relationship suggests that kinkajou could serve as an emerging RABV reservoir if the traits that enable the establishment of RABV reservoirs are conserved along the phylogeny of procyonids
. Serologic surveys and enhanced surveillance would be useful for further exploring this possibility.
This is the case of many small cats, the procyonids
Nasuella olivacea, Bassaricyon alleni, and B.
There is disagreement about the occurrence of some species, with the following listed: three or four canids [bush dog (Speothos venaticus), maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), pampas fox (Pseudalopex gymnocercus)], two procyonids
[South American coati (Nasua nasua), crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus)], four or five mustelids [tayra (Eira barbara), lesser grison (Galictis cuja) long-tailed otter (Lontra longicaudus), giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus chinga)], and, five to eight felids [jaguar (Panthera onca), puma (Puma concolor), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), margay (L.