2d at 1017-18 (explaining that discovery issues are pretrial matters by definition and, therefore, magistrate judges have the authority to determine the award of discovery expenses).
72(a) (listing exceptions of pretrial matters which are considered dispositive).
1993) ("In general, motions for sanctions pursuant to Rule 37 'fall within the scope of section 636(b)(1)(a)'s coverage of pretrial matters.
determine any pretrial matter pending before the court, except
a pretrial matter not dispositive of a claim or defense of a
hear a pretrial matter dispositive of a claim or defense of a
Alternatively, the court held that even if the sanctions determination was not a pretrial matter because it was made postjudgment, the magistrate judge had jurisdiction to enter this order under the so-called "additional duties" clause in [section] 636(b)(3).
the Rule 11 motion was not a pending pretrial matter [under [section] 636(b)(1)(a) or Rule 72(a)], because [the ruling] was not made until after judgment on the underlying claim already had been entered and an appeal taken.
On appeal, the Seventh Circuit began its analysis by holding that an award of sanctions, after dismissal on the merits, is not a pretrial matter.