Discipline remained strict, despite the poorhouse
now being under secular control.
Most of the residents in parish poorhouses
were either very young, under ten years of age, or very old.
of Massachusetts; a cultural and architectural history.
Many others were children who had been living in--sometimes born in--county poorhouses
John Haigh, who owned or rented four mills in the town, was also a cloth merchant in London, and while there he arranged to take children aged six to 15 from London's poorhouses
to work in his mills.
Throughout the nineteenth century, charity had taken two different forms: outdoor relief provided alms to people in their homes or on the streets, and in-house charity aided people inside of poorhouses
, hospitals, and other institutions.
functioned as a tool of the wealthy, constructed to preserve social order in an era of urban expansion and transformation.
Most social welfare histories characterize poorhouses
, almshouses, workhouses and poor farms as punitive nineteenth-century institutions.
In line with an economic rationale rooted in the writings of Smith, Ricardo and Malthus, the poorhouses
offered two regimes: a comparatively easy regime for the "deserving poor," comprising the aged and the "infirm," and a much more spartan one, requiring harder work and offering fewer comforts, for the able-bodied unemployed, the "undeserving poor.
This book not only explores the history of poorhouses
, jails, prisons, and other incarceration institutions, it also delves into the personal accounts of short-term and long-term residents and patrons.
I remember poorhouses
, old folks' homes and orphanages.
Its intention was to reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses
, and improve health and hygiene in America.
The Timbers came into private ownership 100 years ago when poorhouses
across the country were put on to the open market.
Reading about the crisis in children's welfare was like reading about the poorhouses
in Victorian times.
No longer are the elderly who need healthcare or custodial care relegated to dreary, inadequate, disease-infested almshouses--also known as poorhouses
and poor farms and county infirmaries--to be jammed together shoulder-to-shoulder with prostitutes, criminals, orphans and the mentally ill.