Charles Amirkhanian's score, a headache-inducing electronic treatment of player-piano
rolls, sounded warped.
It's a more aggressive minimalism than the patterns employed by Steve Reich and Philip Glass, more reminiscent of the jangled player-piano
rolls of Conlon Nancarrow.
But what does meter really mean in a player-piano
1977, Nancarrow had already composed, in virtual isolation, most of the 50 or so studies for player-piano
for which he is best known, as well as a small number of earlier non-mechanical pieces.
Dewar concludes that audiences find the disembodied player-piano
performance to be off-putting due to the "unnerving illusion of musical corporeality" (p.
His Study for Ochestra (a European premier) featuring a computer-generated player-piano
is based on his Study No.
In Kumao's installation, Feed, 1994, images were projected onto various surfaces: a player-piano
scroll, a paper screen, blank photograph frames, and the interior of a cardboard box.
These insights, combined with the pathbreaking player-piano
music of Conlon Nancarrow (another major Ligeti discovery from the sante years), led to such landmark works from Ligeti's later years as the Piano Concerto and the Etudes for Piano.