Subsequently, the baseline-test for brain activity was performed using dynamic concentric-eccentric plantar flexions
for 60 s with the non-dominant leg.
Thus, insoles affects gait cycle, and reflex arch in the ankle muscle with decreased plantar flexion
4 Similar to Stage 3 Similar to Stage 3 Stage Clinical findings 0 No pain, only restriction in ROM 1 Rarely painful, especially during the end-levels of the dorsiflexion and plantar flexion
2 Moderate or severe continuous pain, which occurs with the hyperextension and hyperflexion.
Coherence during Static Plantar Flexion
. Pooled coherence data from the plantar flexion
task demonstrated trends similar to those observed for the dorsiflexion task, though amplitudes were lower in both age groups (Figures 7(a), 7(c), and 7(e)).
The reason for this appears to be that while the young adults would break the proceeding of the shank by a plantar flexion
during the loading response, the brake of the shank is weaker with the elderly, due to the larger dorsiflexion.
is accompanied by adduction and some supination of the foot.
The patient's description of right foot pain associated with the push-off portion of her gait, and the fact that the pain was exacerbated by the extremes of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion
of the great toe, was consistent with MTPJ pain.
In the unloaded conditions, peak ankle plantar flexion
was significantly (p < 0.001) smaller on the prosthetic versus intact/control limbs (Figure 2, Table 1).
On clinical examination, a sharp pain was provoked by digital palpation of the medial edge of tibia in the distal third as well as by manual muscle testing of foot plantar flexion
muscles and walking on toes.
Muscle imbalance favours ankle dorsiflexion (L5), and there is a lack of plantar flexion
(S1), resulting in a calcaneus gait.
Subjects were included in this study if they met the following criteria: 6 months after a stroke involving cerebral cortical regions, being able to walk for 5 minutes at self-selected speed without a brace or assistive device, passive paretic ankle dorsiflexion range of motion to reach at least 5[degrees] of plantar flexion
with the knee flexed, and presence of deficits in walking function.
* Ankle dorsal and plantar flexion
ranges of motion were measured with the subject in the prone position, with the knees extended and the ankles hanging over the edge of the table.
Apart from basic demographic and socio-economic details, historical and clinical data on leprosy, the foot drop was assessed in terms of position at rest of the ankle, effective dorsiflexion (above 90 degrees, towards dorsiflexion), active & passive range of dorsiflexion & plantar flexion
of the ankle joint during both knee flexion and extension, inversion at rest and on dorsiflexion and navicular height.
The design of the leg dynamometer and the procedures followed for measuring plantar flexion
strength have been previously reported .
and dorsal extension were not possible and the lateral flexors of the foot had been affected by a paresis as well.