(16.) In Winnemucca's lifetime, whites called her people "Pah-utes," "Pi-Utes," and her own--or perhaps her editor, Mary Mann's--choice, "Piute
" (Knack and Stewart 14).
Many reporters used Winnemucca's alleged promiscuity to manufacture a rather degrading image: the Reno Crescent of February 1873, for example, refutes more complimentary portraits, describing "a woman calling herself Sarah Winnemucca, and representing herself a Piute
princess of the blood royal; but who is in reality a common Indian strumpet." Moreover, Winnemucca is accused by W.
In the first chapter, titled "First Meeting of Piutes
and Whites" Winnemucca states that her grandfather Captain Truckee was chief when the first whites arrived in the Paiutes' area in western Nevada.
While Mary edited what she called the "literary deficiencies" of Winnemucca and noted her own strong endorsement of the Piute
woman's claims, Elizabeth wrote pamphlets, petitioned, and appeared onstage at Winnemucca's lectures (114, 113).
But Life Among the Piutes
reveals a constant tension between non-Native readers' expectations and Paiute values.
Native American educator, lecturer, tribal leader, and writer best known for her book Life Among the Piutes
; Their Wrongs and Claims (1883).
Life Among the Piutes
: Their Wrongs and Claims (1883) was a further attempt to influence white attitudes through a popular and sometimes fictional depiction of her people.
Harper's Aunt Chloe poems, Chopin's "Desiree's Baby," and selections from Sarah Winnemucca's Life Among the Piutes
) to the virtually unknown (the conversion narrative of Patience Boston, the criminal confession of Rachel Wall, selections from the Zaragoza Club Poets), merely to cite examples from this volume (seventeenth through nineteenth centuries).
In her 1883 autobiography Life among the Piutes
Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins gave a dramatic account of the arrival of white settlers and soldiers in the Pyramid and Muddy Lakes area.
Other significant autobiographies written in the 19th century include The Life, History, and Travels of Kah-gega-gah-bowh (1847) by <IR> GEORGE COPWAY </IR> (Ojibwa), which reveals the influence of spiritual confessions and missionary reminiscences, and Life Among the Piutes
(1883) by <IR> SARAH WINNEMUCCA [HOPKINS] </IR> (Paiute).
Similarly Sarah Winnemucca (Hopkins), public speaker, performer, and author of what may be considered the first Native American autobiography by a woman, Life among the Piutes
(1883), has also been "hugely biographized," usually to underline her accomplishments for the United States (116).
"Textual Performance and the Western Frontier: Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins's Life Among the Piutes
: Their Wrongs and Claims." Western American Literature 37 (2002): 171-94.
Zanjani provides a complete road map to Sarah Winnemucca's life and also to her book Life Among the Piutes
(1883), something earlier biographers have done only peripherally.
Yet there seems to be something more drastically disruptive (rather than constitutive) in Eastman's syntactic shifts here, especially when we compare his authorial stance with that taken by Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (who consistently uses the first person pronoun in her 1883 autobiography, Life among the Piutes
) or when we take note of other biographical details.
In her preface to Sarah Winnemucca's Life Among the Piutes
(1883), editor Mary Mann claims that Winnemucca's authority stems from her position between Indian and white cultures: