Decisive in shaping the eighteenth-century German "Enlightenment" (Aufklarung), Pietism
sought to combine an inward deepening of the religious experience with outwardly directed charitable activities.
Their topics include religious history since the 1960s, Caffaro of Genoa and the motives of early crusaders, the crusades as an engine of change in missionary conceptions, the creation of Calvinist identity in the Reformation period, piety or Pietism
: comparing early modern Danish and Dutch examples of inter-confessional religiosity, and the impact of Pietism
on culture and society in Germany.
His education there was predominantly theological in nature, with the focus on pietism
and the New Testament.
Among its other virtues, An Introduction to German Pietism
also serves as an introduction to German scholars on the subject.
The genius of Pietism
lay in the adjectives it employed: true Christianity; heartfelt, living faith; a living knowledge of God; the inward Christ and the inner Word.
His teaching duties ranged widely, from lectures on the New Testament to the history of Pietism
, on Thomas Aquinas, on Christian mysticism, and other topics.
I worried how pietism
and pride can bend logic for its own purposes.
He then looks more closely at the work of the Jesuits, the rise of Pietism
, the Anglican and Protestant effort centred in Britain, and finally the effect of these efforts on the people and societies being evangelised (a fascinating section).
Along similar lines, in "Le Pietisme et la litterature de la langue allemande" (1997), Schrader seems to suggest that Guyon's Quietism was to a large extent watered down and diffused in its translation to German Pietism
insofar as the doctrines of other mystics were often falsely attributed to her in an effort to lend them credence.
was to Baumgarten what Arminianism was to Warburton and Vernet, but Sorkin also traces the influence of Dutch Collegialism and English moderatism on Baumgarten's defense of "the true middle way"--a way that included appeals to natural law, natural religion, and revelation and scripture.
He also argued that "it is modern censorious Islamist pietism
that is the newer development in the Muslim world, and that the celebration of 'vulgar' pleasures predates it.
The excerpts from Martin Knutzen, Kant's most distinguished teacher, attempt a synthesis of Pietism
with the metaphysics of Leibniz and Wolff, tempered by Lockean epistemological principles (54).
Hunt relates how Engels rejected the stolid pietism
of his Protestant background, discovering German Romanticism, Shelley's poetry and the rebellion against authoritarian conservatism of Young Germany.
Boyd credits Protestant pietism
with shaping people of virtue who can then better see and live the natural law.
Rouse maintained the warmhearted pietism
of her youth while becoming increasingly ecumenical.