Procedures had to avoid destructive calcination (distillation until dry), a common procedure in organic chemistry for centuries, because it yielded much the same complex mixtures of poorly characterized degradation products and weighed as fractions of gas, oil, phlegma
, and residue from everything studied.
Awarding merit to emotions the less "arbitrary and coercive" they are leads to a conclusion which "may appear odd": "the absence of emotion (apatheia, phlegma
in significatu bono), when found in a mood that adheres emphatically and insistently to its principles, cannot only be sublime but most admirably so" (Kant 132-33, trans, de Man, quoted in AI 125).
Heroditus: Galen, come quick, Phlegma
is having an acute imbalance of his humors.
In 1490 the surgeon and poet Hans Folz praised distilled wine--which "now everybody is drinking"--as a remedy against phlegma