The taxonomic status of Phlebotomus sergenti
parrot, 1917, vector of Leishmania tropica (Wright, 1903) and Phlebotomus similis Perfiliev, 1963 (Diptera-Psychodidae).
females were tested individually for infection by Leishmania species, a part of nucleic acid (NA) extracted was pooled for the detection of phlebovirus RNA.
, a vector of Leishmania tropica in Saudi Arabia.
Intraspecific variation within Phlebotomus sergenti
Parrot (1917) (Diptera: Psychodidae) based on mtDNA sequences in Islamic Republic of Iran.
ITS 2 sequences heterogeneity in Phlebotomus sergenti
and Phlebotomus similis (Diptera Psychodidae): possible consequences in their ability to transmit Leishmania tropica.
Sacks, "The vectorial competence of Phlebotomus sergenti
is specific for Leishmania tropica and is controlled by species-specific, lipophosphoglycan-mediated midgut attachment," Parasitology, vol.
found susceptible to deltamethrin in Mashhad, northeast of Iran (17) and susceptible to DDT (4%) in Esfahan province (18).
Only Phlebotomus sergenti
was found infected with L.
It has been documented that Leishmania tropica subtype Mon-761 according to the Classification of Montpellier is the causative parasite for the anthroponotic form of the disease (ACL) in the traditional focus of Aleppo city3 while Phlebotomus sergenti
is the vector.4 After 1 to12 week incubation period the lesion appears as a red papule enlarging to nodule or plaque with a purple infiltrative border and central crust.
In central Asia, ACL is transmitted mainly by the sandfly Phlebotomus sergenti
in urban or periurban environments (5).
Indeed, Phlebotomus sergenti
(Diptera: Psychodidae) has an extensive geographical distribution, wider than that of the anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL).
To the Editor: In Afghanistan, most cutaneous leishmaniasis cases are caused by Leishmania tropica, which is transmitted anthroponotically by the sandfly Phlebotomus sergenti