, the most important vector for Visceral Leishmaniasis could be found in large numbers from several houses around the residence of the patient.
Bray, "A morphologically distinct Phlebotomus argentipes
population from active cutaneous leishmaniasis foci in central Sri Lanka," Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, vol.
Susceptibility of Phlebotomus argentipes
against DDT in endemic districts of North Bihar, India.
Visceral leishmaniasis on the Indian sub-continent: a multi-centre study of the cost of three interventions for the control of the sandfly vector, Phlebotomus argentipes
. Ann Trop Med Parsitol 2008; 102 : 729-41.
The worker is of the impression that this male preponderance may be due to practices of adult males like sleeping in the cattle sheds or close cattle sheds where a high density of phlebotomus argentipes
has been reported.
A report on the indoor residual spraying (IRS) in the control of Phlebotomus argentipes
, the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar (India): An initiative towards total elimination targeting 2015 (Series-1).
These flies were examined and confirmed as Phlebotomus argentipes
. Due to low number of collection dissection for infectivity was not done.
To the Editor: Kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis) is a fatal disease caused by a protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani and transmitted by the female sandfly, Phlebotomus argentipes
. In the state of Assam, India, kala-azar epidemics occurred during 1875-1950 and resulted in thousands of deaths in the districts of Kamrup, Garo Hills, Goalpara, and Nagaon (1,2).
Measurement of recent exposure to Phlebotomus argentipes
, the vector of Indian visceral leishmaniasis, by using human antibody responses to fly saliva.
The second half of the book describes mosquito vectors (Anopheles stephensi Liston, Aedes albopictus Skuse, Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus), biting midges (Culicoides sp) and sandfly (Phlebotomus argentipes
) biology and their control to demonstrate the importance of understanding vector biology in order to conduct vector control strategies.
On the Indian subcontinent, the disease is assumed to be an anthroponosis; the vector is a sand fly, Phlebotomus argentipes
. Approximately 200 million persons on the Indian subcontinent are at risk for VL, and the annual incidence is [approximately equal to] 420,000 cases (4).
Method of estimation of KA cases with intervention has already been mentioned in the earlier section, however, the estimation of KA cases without intervention is determined by many factors, for example, vector density, densities of Phlebotomus argentipes
(Diptera: Psychodidae), disease transmission, population growth rate, existing effectiveness of IRS, current incidence rate, climate and environmental factors, household behaviour among others.
Kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis), transmitted by the bite of infected female sandly of the genus Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus argentipes
) (1) has assumed epidemic proportion in Bihar.
These data are consistent with data on the feeding behavior of Phlebotomus argentipes
blood-sucking flies, reported previously (22).
Natural infection of Phlebotomus argentipes
with Leishmania and other trypanosomatids in a visceral leishmaniasis endemic region of Nepal.