cardiac tamponade

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  • noun

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mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion

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References in periodicals archive ?
1] Indeed, in our two patients, hypotension had occurred due to septic shock or pericardial tamponade in one case, and an episode of syncope occurred in another.
Pericardial effusions complicated by pericardial tamponade are commonly encountered in SSA owing to the high prevalence of TB pericarditis.
5) Pericardial tamponade classically results in the acute cardiac compression triad of Beck, comprising of decreased arterial pressure, increased central venous pressure, and distant heart sounds.
Pericardial tamponade is a picture which occurs as a result of rapid fluid accumulation in the pericardium and may lead to fatal outcomes if it is not diagnosed early and treated urgently.
A transthoracic echo demonstrated a 3 cm anterior pericardial effusion (Figure 4) with classic signs of pericardial tamponade, i.
1-10) Complications arising from migration of these K-wires have been as benign as migration into adjacent soft tissue to as severe as migration into the heart causing cardiac arrythmias, pericardial tamponade, and death.
6 Pericardial tamponade has been documented with the CoreValve to occur between 0 and 7%, and is usually due to guidewire or manoeuvring thrusts to bring the prosthesis into the left ventricle that can potentially cause peforations.
However, the fourth patient was complicated by pericardial tamponade, presumably due to perforation of the heart by the guide-wire used during cannulation.
All experts agreed that the cause of death was pericardial tamponade.
CASE REPORT: A 2-year-old male patient was admitted with a pericardial tamponade, for which a percutaneous drain was inserted.
Malignant pericardial effusions are common in cancer patients, and until now the resulting pericardial tamponade has been the immediate cause of death in 85% of affected patients.
The recurrence rate of pericardial tamponade following aspiration is quite high and necessitates the open drainage as the choice of treatment (3,4).