Not only was there tension between the Zanzibari Arabs and the Swahili patricians
, but the Swahili patricians
could not control the plebians.
But available sampling suggests an endogamy rate among Venetian patricians
of 91 percent.
Similarly, she sees debates concerning the distribution of offices within the scuole grandi not as a conflict between patricians
and cittadini but between cittadini and foreigners (106).
Even among other wealthy patricians
, Cosimo's commissions were exceptional in their choice of materials, scale, and placement.
After 1660, the ideology of class determined the response to astrology in England, patricians
rejecting it as vulgar, plebeians fashioning it to become "the emblem of labouring people's attachment--increasingly static and repetitive, because defensive--to the rhythms and remedies of 'natural' time" (161).
Yet his initial popularity among Venetian patricians
, like that of the prophet Gallo, attests to the ways that a fusion of religious, political, and humanistic themes could still be socially significant in later Cinquecento Venice.
Dowry inflation, invoked by contemporaries and modern scholars to account for patricians
' consigning a growing proportion of their daughters to convents with "deposits" much less costly than marital dowries, thereby eliminating further claims on the family patrimony, does not in Sperling's view constitute a sufficient explanation.
He refused to tolerate interference with his authority over the chancellery, and he ordered investigation of patricians
who abused their office.
Chapter 2, "Counting Becomes Accounting," detects cipher-substitutions in Renaissance finances, as when doge Andrea Gritti distributes coins -- instead of gamebirds -- to Venetian patricians
, and Luca Pacioli introduces double-entry bookkeeping.
It also affords us a glimpse at the entire sociological spectrum of those involved in literary discourse at the time: students, teachers, professors, administrators, secretaries, doctors, jurists, clergymen, patricians
, and artisans, providing a wealth of information necessary for historical reconstruction of pa st literary landscapes.
Even Bembo's motto, VIRTVS ET HONOR, represented aspirations to which almost all Renaissance patricians
Venetian marriage legislation drew together the interests of rich, middling, and poor patricians
struggling for a common definition of nobility.
Most of Arnade's book focuses on Ghent between 1440 and 1540 because this towns patricians
and guildsmen led the charge - ultimately without success - contesting the encroachment of the Burgundian state.
These were societies mostly of young patricians
who were identified by their colorful stockings (as may be seen in some of Carpaccio's paintings) whose primary purpose was to entertain themselves and whose official purpose was la festa.(8) They were frequently invited by the government to add brilliance and festivity to diplomatic and ceremonial occasions but also participated in private gatherings such as these weddings, especially when the groom was a member of one of such Companies.
67 Nicolosa Sanuti, a courtesan in Bologna, argued against sumptuary restrictions on the basis of social distinctions: "as patricians
from the people, so should remarkable women differ from the obscure .