Plus, the general principles for explanatory parentheticals
and quotations are included.
Traditionally, items like this have been called parentheticals or parenthetical expressions in linguistics.
2009, Clausal Parentheticals, Intonational Phrasing, and Prosodic Theory.
It "strongly recommend[s]" the use of parentheticals in connection with the signals cf.
3 states that "it is common to include a short parenthetical explanation of a particular authority after the citation to the authority if it will help the reader understand how the source supports or relates to the author's assertion" (p.
Wherever possible, citations should be handled as in-text parenthetical citations, especially when the source of a quote or a paraphrase has already been mentioned in the text, and when there is no possibility for confusion.
If using parenthetical citation as above, please note that the quotation ends with a period followed by the reference; there is no period after the parentheses.
Secondly, in Brinton's analysis of I gesse, I trowe, and the like, she presents a fascinating thesis that these parentheticals serve entirely different functions in the narratological report and in characters' dialogue.
a construction that, in ME, is replaced with (4) it befel; (5) the syntactic preposing of whan-clauses; (6) the OE mystery particle hwaet (familiar from the first line of Beowulf); and (7) the ME first-person epistemic parenthetical I gesse, which, as a narratorial intervention, has particular narratological relevance.
39), according to whom parentheticals provide background or secondary information (Huddleston), or supply information that is communicatively supererogatory to the propositional content of the clause in which they appear (Nunberg).
I" and "claim", in spite of having a semantic content, do not contribute that content to the truth conditions of sentences in which they occur as parts of parentheticals.
22) When a string of citations is used, it is more persuasive with proper use of introductory signals and explanatory parentheticals that explain the relevance of each citation.
30) Parentheticals, unless they consist of a direct quote, should begin with a present participle, that is, an "-ing" word, and should take the form of a phrase.
A full case citation includes the following components: 1) case name; 2) official reporter or other published source in which the case is found; and 3) parenthetical containing court and year of decision.
An explanatory parenthetical can briefly explain the proposition for which the case stands and is particularly useful in string citations.