In contrast, the psi controversy is largely characterized by disputes between a group of researchers, the parapsychologists
, and a group of critics who do not do experimental research to test psi claims or the viability of their counterhypotheses.
A trio of parapsychologists
set up their own agency exploring the unexplained after losing research grants.
Three eccentric parapsychologists
(Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis) go into business hunting spooks in New York city.
of Florida) bring together 17 essays by North American and British psychologists, parapsychologists
, and others who debate the presence of parapsychological phenomena.
Peter Venkman (Bill Murray) and Raymond Stanz (Dan Aykroyd) set up business in New York as "Ghostbusters".
Little wonder that parapsychologists
believe the place is haunted by the spirits of dozens of desperate, wailing souls, so much so that the popular TV show Most Haunted was broadcast from here in January 2007.
He thought that whether or not they were ultimately proved to be as extraordinary as they seemed, the issues raised by anomalous experiences, and investigated by serious, critical-minded ufologists, cryptozoologists, and parapsychologists
, are legitimate ones which science dismisses or ignores to its own detriment.
On hand will be a host of internationally recognised parapsychologists
are not giving ghost tours on Hollywood Boulevard,'' said Richard Senate, who considers himself an amateur psychic researcher.
Whatever our preferences as regards explanations, psychologists will gain from the guidance of an experienced and modest expert on the phenomena of an interesting field and on what parapsychologists
have done, left undone and believed.
Almost invariably, when "hard-nosed skeptics," as Dossey calls us, dissect parapsychology studies, or when the parapsychologists
call in skeptics to oversee their experimental procedures to make absolutely certain that no cheating can occur, their findings evaporate.
New evidence supporting the existence of what most folks refer to as telepathy -- and what parapsychologists
call "anomalous processes of information or energy transfer" -- boasts a rare distinction: It passed muster among skeptical peer reviewers and gained publication in a major, mainstream psychology journal.
The disappearance of their daughter Carol Anne (Heather O'Rourke) forces the Freelings to bring in parapsychologists
and a professional exorcist to exorcise their home.
That was too much for Hyman, who excoriated his fellow psi-skeptic for his use of experimenter fraud allegations: "The parapsychologists
, of course, see Hansel's position for what it is--a dogmatism that is immune to falsification" (Hyman, 1981/1989, p.
It's immaterial that John Pogue's film is grounded in the contentious facts of the infamous Philip Experiment, which saw Canadian parapsychologists
test their theory that the human mind is responsible for manifestations attributed to ghosts.